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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to make an attempt to ascertain the etiology of transient global amnesia (TGA), which is still disputed more than 30 years after the first description of this clinical entity. METHODS In a case-control study, we compared the prevalence of vascular risk factors in 64 TGA patients with 64(More)
BACKGROUND IV methylprednisolone (IVMP) has been used to treat relapses in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS, but its effect on disease progression is not known. Furthermore, there are no data on the impact of IVMP on T1 black holes or whole-brain atrophy. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of IVMP on MRI measures of the destructive pathology in(More)
OBJECTIVE (a) To establish whether the cognitive decline of the early phase of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis depends on the progression of the burden of disease, or on the loss of brain parenchyma, or is influenced by both; (b) to monitor the loss of brain parenchyma in the early phase of the disease; and (c) to examine its possible relation with(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between involvement of specific areas of the brain and the occurrence of depression and anxiety in patients with multiple sclerosis. We studied 95 patients (62 women and 33 men, mean age 39.5 years, SD 11.2) with definite MS, 97 patients (65 women and 32 men, mean age 40.7, SD 11.9) suffering(More)
OBJECTIVE This preliminary open-label study aims to investigate the effects of rivastigmine, an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), in 20 patients diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). PATIENTS AND METHODS Study subjects were men and women 60-75 years of age diagnosed with probable FTD. The rivastigmine(More)
We assessed the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) associated with a series of putative risk factors. We studied 140 patients (90 women) with MS (mean age, 42.1 years; SD= 10.2 years; disease duration, 10.9 years, SD= 7.5 years) and 131 sex-and age-matched controls. Using a structured questionnaire, we collected information related to demographic data,(More)
Dyslexia, both developmental and acquired, has been considered the result of cerebrocortical dysfunction, affecting the temporo-parieto-occipital brain regions. However, dyslexia may involve abnormalities of the magnocellular component of the visual system, leading to binocular instability or alterations of accommodation. To test the hypothesis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aetiology of Parkinson's disease remains unknown, although both genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are considered putative contributors to its origin. We performed a case-control study to investigate the association of familial and environmental risk factors with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We studied 136(More)
Further to recent data indicating that patients with vascular dementia (VaD) show a cholinergic deficit, we aimed to determine whether rivastigmine, a dual inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), has any effects on the symptoms of VaD. Patients aged 65-80, with a diagnosis of dementia and probable VaD, received(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus has been recognized as one of the most promising techniques to decrease 'off' motor symptoms and motor fluctuations, allowing a reduction of drug therapy and limiting side effects of drug therapy. However, there is still open debate on the possible consequences of chronic subthalamic stimulation on general(More)