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BACKGROUND IV methylprednisolone (IVMP) has been used to treat relapses in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS, but its effect on disease progression is not known. Furthermore, there are no data on the impact of IVMP on T1 black holes or whole-brain atrophy. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of IVMP on MRI measures of the destructive pathology in(More)
OBJECTIVE (a) To establish whether the cognitive decline of the early phase of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis depends on the progression of the burden of disease, or on the loss of brain parenchyma, or is influenced by both; (b) to monitor the loss of brain parenchyma in the early phase of the disease; and (c) to examine its possible relation with(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus has been recognized as one of the most promising techniques to decrease 'off' motor symptoms and motor fluctuations, allowing a reduction of drug therapy and limiting side effects of drug therapy. However, there is still open debate on the possible consequences of chronic subthalamic stimulation on general(More)
Dyslexia, both developmental and acquired, has been considered the result of cerebrocortical dysfunction, affecting the temporo-parieto-occipital brain regions. However, dyslexia may involve abnormalities of the magnocellular component of the visual system, leading to binocular instability or alterations of accommodation. To test the hypothesis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aetiology of Parkinson's disease remains unknown, although both genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are considered putative contributors to its origin. We performed a case-control study to investigate the association of familial and environmental risk factors with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We studied 136(More)
Further to recent data indicating that patients with vascular dementia (VaD) show a cholinergic deficit, we aimed to determine whether rivastigmine, a dual inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), has any effects on the symptoms of VaD. Patients aged 65-80, with a diagnosis of dementia and probable VaD, received(More)
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover trial of high-dose methylprednisolone (MP) was performed in 35 patients with a primarily chronic progressive form of multiple sclerosis as defined clinically according to Poser's criteria. At time 0 of every course of treatment (1 g MP administered i.v. daily for 5 days followed by oral prednisone(More)
Correlation studies between various conventional and non-conventional MRI parameters and cognitive impairment in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) are lacking, although it is known that a number of patients with early MS have mild cognitive impairment. Our aim was to explore whether this cognitive impairment is dependent on the extent and severity(More)
Subcortical vascular dementia (VaD) is characterized by executive dysfunction and behavioral problems, reflecting deterioration of the frontal lobe. This study aimed to determine whether rivastigmine, a dual inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyryl-cholinesterase (BuChE), has any effects on the typical symptoms of subcortical VaD. Patients(More)
Using f-MRI, we have studied the changes induced by the performance of a complex sequential motor task in the cortical areas of nine akinetic PD patients and compared to that of healthy volunteers. Compared with normal subjects, PD patients showed a reduction of activation of motor and SMA areas, an increase of activation of parietal areas and a bilateral(More)