Giuseppe Castellano

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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the major cause of delayed graft function in transplanted kidneys, an early event significantly affecting long-term graft function and survival. Several studies in rodents suggest that the alternative pathway of the complement system plays a pivotal role in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, limited information is(More)
In the past few years, adult renal progenitor/stem cells (ARPCs) have been identified in human kidneys, and particularly in Bowman's capsule and proximal tubules. They may play an important role in the kidney regenerative processes and might prospectively be the ideal cell type for the treatment of both acute and chronic renal injury. In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A simple anticoagulation protocol was developed for sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) in patients with AKI, based on the use of anticoagulant citrate dextrose solution formulation A (ACD-A) and standard dialysis equipment. Patients' blood recalcification was obtained from calcium backtransport from dialysis fluid. DESIGN,(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease involving several organs. SLE patients developing lupus nephritis (LN) frequently have the worst outcome. Recent data have shown that dendritic cells (DCs) may have a central role in SLE pathogenesis directing the immune response against auto-antigens. In this study we describe a reduction in(More)
Deficiency in complement proteins such as C1q is associated with the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we show that the differentiation of dendritic cells (DC) in the presence of C1q (C1qDC) gives rise to CD1a(+)/DC-SIGN(+) cells with high phagocytic capacity and low expression of CD80, CD83 and CD86. Further, when C1qDC were exposed(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) have a pivotal role in the autoimmune response of systemic lupus erythematosus. Plasmacytoid DCs infiltrate the kidney of patients with lupus nephritis, but factors regulating their recruitment to the kidney are unknown. Chemerin is the recently identified natural ligand of ChemR23, a receptor highly expressed by plasmacytoid DCs. We(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have an increased risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This retrospective study compared clinical and pathological outcomes of RCC occurring in native kidneys of patients with ESRD (whether they underwent kidney transplantation or not) with those of renal tumors diagnosed in the general population. The(More)
The occurrence of pregnancy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been considered a dangerous event both for the mother and for the fetus. However, increasing evidence shows that the stage of CKD is the leading factor that can predict possible acceleration in the declining of renal function and complications of pregnancy. This review summarizes(More)
Genetic mutations in complement components are associated with the development of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), a rare disease with high morbidity rate triggered by infections or unidentified factors. The uncontrolled activation of the alternative pathway of complement results in systemic endothelial damage leading to progressive development of(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) and complement are essential components of the innate immune system. Immature DCs (immDCs) and mature DCs (mDCs) can migrate to lymphoid areas inducing, respectively, tolerance and immune responses. Primary deficiency of complement component C1q (C1q) leads to autoimmunity, suggesting a role in the maintenance of tolerance. In the(More)