Giuseppe Cassano

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BACKGROUND A number of σ receptor ligands have been demonstrated to possess antidepressant-like effect in some experimental paradigms (e.g. forced swim test, tail suspension test, olfactory bulbectomy model, conditioned fear stress). The objective of the present study was to find out whether PB190 and PB212, new σ1 receptor ligands, show the effects in some(More)
This investigation concentrates on the change in Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]) caused by ryanodine in U373 MG cells. This cell type from a human astrocytoma is a unique cellular model because it only expresses the type 3 ryanodine receptor (RyR3), which is generally the least abundant isoform. In the presence of physiological [Ca(2+)] in the extracellular(More)
Capsaicin at low concentrations increases the short circuit current (SCC) across frog skin. Simultaneous measurements of both transepithelial fluxes of 22Na or 36Cl demonstrate that the SCC increase is due to stimulation of sodium active absorption. Capsaicin acts through the liberation of several peptides; thus these peptides were tested on the SCC across(More)
Dramatic declines in amphibian populations have been described all over the world since the 1980s. The evidence that the sensitivity to environmental threats is greater in amphibians than in mammals has been generally linked to the observation that amphibians are characterized by a rather permeable skin. Nevertheless, a numerical comparison of data of(More)
In frog skin, tachykinins stimulate the ion transport, estimated by measuring the short-circuit current (SCC) value, by interacting with NK1-like receptors. In this paper we show that Kassinin (NK2 preferring in mammals) increases the SCC, while Enterokassinin has no effect. Therefore, either 2 Pro residues or 1 Pro and 1 basic amino acid must be present in(More)
In frog skin, tachykinins stimulate ion transport by interaction with NK1-like receptors. The structural requirements of the peptide are the presence of the C-terminal sequence Phe-X-Gly-Leu-Met-NH(2) and at least one Pro residue in the N-terminal sequence. In this paper, we demonstrate that the C-terminal amino acid must be amidated but it can be different(More)
The tachykinin-dependent stimulation of ion transport across frog skin was studied. Tachykinin stimulation was due to interaction with an NK1-like receptor as [Sar9-Met(O2)11]-Substance P (a very selective NK1 agonist) strongly stimulated SCC, whereas [beta-Ala8]-Neurokinin A 4-10 (a very selective NK2 agonist) did not. The rank order of tachykinin potency(More)
In the last five years, several measurements of 22Na+ influx (Ji) and outflux (Jo) across symmetrical parts of the isolated skin of Rana esculenta, under permanent short circuitation, were performed in our Institute. The mean value of the 22Na+ net fluxes (Ji-Jo) exceeded the mean value of the short circuit current measurements (1.14 +/- 0.04 versus 0.98(More)
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