Giuseppe Cassano

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A variety of studies have supported the finding that regular intake of aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can affect colorectal cancer carcinogenesis by decreasing the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). We report that PG F2alpha, in the presence of indomethacin, did not stimulate the proliferation in HCT-8 and HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma(More)
Capsaicin at low concentrations increases the short circuit current (SCC) across frog skin. Simultaneous measurements of both transepithelial fluxes of 22Na or 36Cl demonstrate that the SCC increase is due to stimulation of sodium active absorption. Capsaicin acts through the liberation of several peptides; thus these peptides were tested on the SCC across(More)
A remarkable amount, of water is transported in the gastrointestinal (GI) organs to fulfil the secretory and absorptive functions of the GI tract. However, the molecular basis of water movement in the GI epithelial barriers is still poorly known. Important clues about the mechanisms by which water is transported in the GI tract were provided by the recent(More)
BACKGROUND A number of σ receptor ligands have been demonstrated to possess antidepressant-like effect in some experimental paradigms (e.g. forced swim test, tail suspension test, olfactory bulbectomy model, conditioned fear stress). The objective of the present study was to find out whether PB190 and PB212, new σ1 receptor ligands, show the effects in some(More)
The presence of atrazine in agricultural sites has been linked to the decline in amphibian populations. The efforts of the scientific community generally are directed toward investigating the long-term effect of atrazine on complex functions (reproduction or respiration), but in the present study, we investigated the short-term effect on the short-circuit(More)
This investigation concentrates on the change in Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]) caused by ryanodine in U373 MG cells. This cell type from a human astrocytoma is a unique cellular model because it only expresses the type 3 ryanodine receptor (RyR3), which is generally the least abundant isoform. In the presence of physiological [Ca(2+)] in the extracellular(More)
Dramatic declines in amphibian populations have been described all over the world since the 1980s. The evidence that the sensitivity to environmental threats is greater in amphibians than in mammals has been generally linked to the observation that amphibians are characterized by a rather permeable skin. Nevertheless, a numerical comparison of data of(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have anticarcinogenic effects. The causal relationship linking the preventive effect of NSAIDs on colon cancer and the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis is questioned by the contrasting results obtained by many laboratories. The experiments reported in this paper(More)
In this paper we demonstrate that PB28 abolishes the Ca2+ release through the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors and ryanodine receptors in SK-N-SH cells. Sigma receptors are divided into the subtypes sigma-1 and sigma-2, which are expressed in tumor cell lines and characterized by distinct pharmacological profiles. The sigma-1 receptor has been(More)
Brush border membranes were isolated from rat jejunum by a divalent cation precipitation method. 3H-L-Lysine uptake was measured by a rapid filtration technique. Uptake after prolonged incubation periods was osmotically insensitive and represented almost exclusively binding to the vesicles. Extrapolating initial linear uptake to a zero incubation time(More)