Giuseppe Calcagno

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BACKGROUND The transcription factor FOXN1 is implicated in the differentiation of thymic and skin epithelial cells, and alterations in it are responsible for the Nude/SCID phenotype. During a genetic counselling programme offered to couples at risk in a community where a high frequency of mutated FOXN1 had been documented, the identification of a human(More)
We have studied 35 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interferon (IFN) pathway to determine their contribution to multiple sclerosis (MS) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A total of 182 patients with MS, 103 patients with chronic hepatitis C, and 118 control subjects were enrolled in the study. Of the 35 SNPs studied, 3 were in IFN-alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Noise-induced cochlear epithelium damage can cause hearing loss in industrial workers. In experimental systems, noise induces the release of free radicals and may damage the cochlear sensorial epithelium. Therefore, genes involved in regulating the reactive oxygen species manganese-superoxide dismutase (SOD2) and the antioxidant paraoxonase (PON)(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary experiments in an animal model have shown the favorable tumor targeting potential in vivo of radiolabeled BC-1, an immunoglobulin (Ig)G1 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) that recognizes the human fibronectin isoform (B+) containing the ED-B oncofetal domain. This antigen has extremely restricted distribution in normal adult tissues.(More)
The forkhead, Fox, gene family comprises a diverse group of 'winged-helix' transcription factors that play important roles in development, metabolism, cancer and aging. Recently, several forkhead genes have been demonstrated to play critical roles in lymphocyte development and effector functions. Alterations of the FOXN1 gene in both mice and humans result(More)
BACKGROUND Severe obesity is a major worldwide public health concern affecting 0.5-5% of the adult population. Adiponectin (Acpr30), an adipokine secreted from adipocytes, shows pleiotropic beneficial effects on obesity and related disorders. In this study, sequence analysis of Acpr30 gene (ACDC) was performed in a highly selected population of severely(More)
Transient plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) copies were detected by nucleic-acid sequence-based amplification during combination antiretroviral prophylaxis in a healthcare worker who reported a percutaneous injury from a stylet and who remained HIV-antibody-negative. An HIV-specific T-helper response, assessed by interleukin-2 production, was(More)
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) (OMIM 142900) is characterized by upper-extremity malformations involving the radial, thenar, or carpal bones and a personal and/or family history of congenital heart defects (CHDs). It is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The TBX5 gene located on chromosome 12 (12q24.1) is the only gene currently known to be associated(More)
Multiple sclerosis is an idiopathic inflammatory disease characterized by multiple focal lesions in the white matter of the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis patients are usually treated with interferon−β, but disease activity decrease in only 30% − 40% of patients. In the attempt to differentiate beAuthor contribution. Designed the research: GC,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic liver diseases can progress to cirrhosis and to hepatocellular carcinoma. Timely and unequivocal recognition of the neoplastic evolution of cirrhosis is critical. To this aim, we used a noncompetitive reverse transcription-PCR procedure to analyze aldolase A mRNA in liver tissue from patients with chronic liver diseases at different(More)