Giuseppe Bertini

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Recent studies of the improvement of perceptual performance as a function of training - perceptual learning - have provided new insights into the neuronal substrates of this type of skill learning in the adult brain. Issues such as where in the brain, when and under what conditions practice-related changes occur are under investigation. The results of these(More)
Neural processing at most stages of the primate visual system is modulated by selective attention, such that behaviorally relevant information is emphasized at the expenses of irrelevant, potentially distracting information. The form of attention best understood at the cellular level is when stimuli at a given location in the visual field must be selected(More)
Numerous neurological diseases which include neuroinflammatory components exhibit an age-related prevalence. The aging process is characterized by an increase of inflammatory mediators both systemically and in the brain, which may prime glial cells. However, little information is available on age-related changes in the glial response of the healthy aging(More)
Biological rhythms, and especially the sleep/wake cycle, are frequently disrupted during senescence. This draws attention to the study of aging-related changes in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian pacemaker. The authors here compared the SCN of young and old mice, analyzing presynaptic terminals, including the(More)
The extracellular parasite Trypanosoma brucei causes human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as sleeping sickness. Trypanosomes are transmitted by tsetse flies and HAT occurs in foci in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease, which is invariably lethal if untreated, evolves in a first hemo-lymphatic stage, progressing to a second meningo-encephalitic stage(More)
Biological rhythms are frequently disturbed with advancing age, and aging-related changes of glia in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian pacemaker, require special attention. In particular, astrocytes contribute to SCN function, and aging is associated with increased inflammatory activity in the brain, in which microglia(More)
Neurons that contain nitric oxide synthase (NOS) type I and the calcium binding proteins calbindin D28k or parvalbumin were simultaneously visualized by means of double immunohistofluorescence in the cerebral cortex of Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats. All the three immunoreactive cell populations were primarily represented by nonpyramidal neurons.(More)
The distribution of neuronal elements that express nitric oxide synthase (NOS), the synthetic enzyme of the free radical nitric oxide, was investigated in the adult and developing rat thalamus by means of NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry, which is a marker of NOS. Immunocytochemistry was also used to confirm the equivalence between the(More)
S-100 proteins represent a group of closely related acidic, calcium binding proteins originally isolated from the mammalian nervous system and later detected in non-neural cell types and in a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species. The present study used immunochemical and immunohistochemical methods to extend the investigation of S-100 during(More)
Directing attention to a behaviorally relevant visual stimulus can overcome the distracting effects of other nearby stimuli. Correspondingly, physiological studies indicate that attention serves to filter distracting stimuli from receptive fields (RFs) in several extrastriate areas. Moreover, a recent study demonstrated that lesions of extrastriate areas V4(More)