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BACKGROUND Contrast echocardiography improves accuracy and reduces interreader variability on left ventricular (LV) functional analyses in the setting of two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography. The need for contrast imaging using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography is less defined. The aim of this multicenter study was to define the accuracy and(More)
An increased release of nitric oxide (NO), a powerful vasodilating agent, has been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of vasodilation and hyperdynamic circulation associated with advanced cirrhosis. We evaluated NO synthase (NOS) activity in peripheral leukocytes of 12 cirrhotic patients and 9 healthy subjects together with plasma endotoxin levels(More)
Dopamine receptors type 2 (D2)-like receptor blockers cause an increase in the norepinephrine response to intense physical exercise. However, during intense physical exercise, D2-like antagonists also cause an increase in the epinephrine response, which itself might cause an increase in plasma norepinephrine through the activation of beta2 presynaptic(More)
To assess whether an increased production of nitric oxide is involved in the circulatory and renal alterations of cirrhosis, we evaluated systemic hemodynamics (echocardiography), renal hemodynamics, and sodium handling (lithium clearance method), plasma renin activity (PRA), aldosterone (PAC), and norepinephrine in 7 patients (3 men, mean age 65 +/- 2(More)
The study aim was to assess whether post-ejection thickening (PT) is an useful marker of viable myocardium in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. Twenty-three patients with critical coronary stenoses were submitted to dobutamine and dipyridamole stress-echocardiographies and dipyridamole-early-redistribution 201Tl SPECT within 15 days from(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The hyperdynamic circulation of cirrhosis has been related either to plasma volume expansion (increased preload) or peripheral arterial vasodilation (reduced afterload). The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular function in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosis by echocardiography. METHODS Nineteen patients with abnormal sodium(More)
Bromocriptine, a dopamine agonist, is known to lower cardiovascular mortality in L-dopa-treated patients with Parkinson's disease, probably by reducing the cardiac sympathetic activity. We aimed at unmasking the central effects of bromocriptine on the heart by power spectrum analysis. Ten healthy subjects (aged 31+/-2 years) in supine and sitting positions(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of long-term albumin administration on survival, recurrence of ascites and onset of other complications. METHODS One hundred consecutive patients admitted for first-onset ascites were randomized to receive diuretics plus human albumin 25 g/wk in the first year and 25 g every two wk thereafter (group 1) or diuretics alone(More)
BACKGROUND To resolve the current shortage of donor hearts, we established the Adonhers protocol. An upward shift of the donor age cut-off limit (from the present 55 to 65 years) is acceptable if a stress echo screening on the candidate donor heart is normal. This study aimed to verify feasibility of a "second opinion" of digitally transferred images of(More)
The high incidence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in patients with ischemic attacks is puzzling when compared with the very low incidence of cerebrovascular attacks observed in individuals known to have MVP. Our aim was to determine if it is possible to identify a patient subset with MVP at the highest risk of embolization on the basis of(More)