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OBJECTIVE Although there is information on biochemical markers of muscle and cardiac damage following strenuous exercise, little is known about the kinetics of these markers in athletes performing sub-maximal exercise. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifteen healthy, trained, Caucasian males took part in a 21-km run. Blood samples were collected before the run,(More)
Loss of articular cartilage through injury or disease presents major clinical challenges also because cartilage has very poor regenerative capacity, giving rise to the development of biological approaches. As autologous blood product, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) provides a promising alternative to surgery by promoting safe and natural healing. Here we tested(More)
Biochemistry and haematology are more and more important and sometimes crucial in sport medicine for diagnosing, controlling and preventing purposes. The analytical process and the global laboratory quality are heavily influenced by the preanalytical phase, including biological material collection, identification, storage and transport of the specimen,(More)
Motor imagery (M.I.) is a mental state in which real movements are evoked without overt actions. There is some behavioural evidence that M.I. declines with ageing. The neurofunctional correlates of these changes have been investigated only in two studies, but none of the these studies has measured explicit correlations between behavioural variables and the(More)
We assessed haematological parameters and possible modifications in elite rugby players throughout a competitive season for increasing the knowledge of physiological characteristics of these sportsmen. Blood samples were collected from the members of the Italian National rugby team at four consecutive training camps during a whole competitive season.(More)
There is a common saying for expressing familiarity with something. It refers to our hands, and strangely enough, in English, one says to know something like the back of the hand, whereas in other cultures, for example, Italy, Spain and France, the same expression is with the palm. Previous behavioural data have suggested that our ability to visually(More)
Alterations in vitamin D homeostasis, mainly involving its nuclear receptor (VDR), could have a role in the pathophysiology of the spine. The association between VDR polymorphisms and spine disorders has been analyzed in different ethnic groups, focusing on the functional FokI polymorphism. However, so far, inconsistent findings were reported. The aims of(More)
Intervertebral disc degeneration is a common invalidating disorder that can affect the musculoskeletal apparatus in both younger and older ages. The chief component of the intervertebral disc is the highly organized extracellular matrix; maintenance of its organization is essential for correct spinal mechanics. The matrix components, mainly proteoglycans(More)
We performed a systematic review of current evidence regarding ultrasound-guided percutaneous irrigation of calcific tendinopathy (US-PICT) in the shoulder aimed to: assess different published techniques; evaluate clinical outcome in a large combined cohort; and propose suggestions for homogeneous future reporting. Cochrane Collaboration for Systematic(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the relationship between surgical delay and mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture. Systematic review and meta-analysis of retrospective and prospective studies published from 1948 to 2011. Medline (from 1948), Embase (from 1974) and CINAHL (from 1982), and the Cochrane Library. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for(More)