Giuseppe A. Zito

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The possible relationship between paraoxonase (PON) gene polymorphism and brachial reactivity in healthy adult subjects in the presence of acute hypertriglyceridemia (HT), as a prooxidant factor, was investigated. In 101 healthy subjects the response to flow- induced vasodilatation was measured before and after Intralipid infusion. In the same subjects the(More)
Leptin, the product of the ob gene, has been shown to increase heart rate and blood pressure through a stimulation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system activity, a phenomenon also involved in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensives. Thus, we hypothesize that plasma leptin concentration is associated with left ventricular(More)
Vascular disease accounts for the majority of the clinical complications in diabetes mellitus. As an exaggerated oxidative stress degree has been postulated as the link between diabetes mellitus and endothelial function, a possible positive effect of plasma vitamin E (Vit.E) administration on brachial reactivity could be postulated. Our study aims at(More)
OBJECTIVE In Type 2 diabetes, it is not clear if renal size is constantly related to the glomerular filtration rate. In addition, it is not known if kidney volume (KV) is associated with an increased urinary albumin and IgG excretion. METHODS The relationship between kidney volume, creatinine clearance (CrCl), urinary albumin and IgG excretion in 95 Type(More)
Previous studies have shown that insulin has an important in vitro role in the regulation of human erythropoiesis. We investigated whether in vivo hyperinsulinaemia/insulin resistance affects haematological parameters. A total of 608 subjects between 22 and 99 years of age were enrolled in the Chianti study, an epidemiological study of factors affecting(More)
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is an important predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hemodynamic factors, such as 24-h blood pressure (BP) values, are responsible for left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensives. On the other hand, some metabolic factors have also been suggested to affect LV mass and geometry. In particular, plasma leptin(More)
Brain lesions in the visual associative cortex are known to impair visual perception, i.e., the capacity to correctly perceive different aspects of the visual world, such as motion, color, or shapes. Visual perception can be influenced by non-invasive brain stimulation such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). In a recently developed technique(More)
BACKGROUND Higher visual functions can be defined as cognitive processes responsible for object recognition, color and shape perception, and motion detection. People with impaired higher visual functions after unilateral brain lesion are often tested with paper pencil tests, but such tests do not assess the degree of interaction between the healthy brain(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of aging and target eccentricity on a visual search task comprising 30 images of everyday life projected into a hemisphere, realizing a ±90° visual field. The task performed binocularly allowed participants to freely move their eyes to scan images for an appearing target or distractor stimulus (presented at(More)
Effective visual exploration is required for many activities of daily living and instruments to assess visual exploration are important for the evaluation of the visual and the oculomotor system. In this article, the development of a new instrument to measure central and peripheral target recognition is described. The measurement setup consists of a(More)