Giulio Sandini

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Developmental robotics is an emerging field located at the intersection of robotics, cognitive science and developmental sciences. This paper elucidates the main reasons and key motivations behind the convergence of fields with seemingly disparate interests, and shows why developmental robotics might prove to be beneficial for all fields involved. The(More)
Starting from human “sense of touch,” this paper 3 reviews the state of tactile sensing in humanoid robotics. The phys4 iology, coding, and transferring tactile data and perceptual impor5 tance of the “sense of touch” in humans are discussed. Following 6 this, a number of design hints derived for robotic tactile sensing are 7 presented. Various technologies(More)
The estimation of time to impact is of vital importance for animals as well as for autonomous robots. The optical ow, which is the two-dimensional projection on the retinal plane of the relative, three-dimensional motion between the observer and the objects in the scene can be used to estimate the time to impact. In this paper the application of an(More)
Several studies have shown that adults integrate visual and haptic information (and information from other modalities) in a statistically optimal fashion, weighting each sense according to its reliability [1, 2]. When does this capacity for crossmodal integration develop? Here, we show that prior to 8 years of age, integration of visual and haptic spatial(More)
Within the field of Neuro Robotics we are driven primarily by the desire to understand how humans and animals live and grow and solve every day’s problems. To this aim we adopted a “learn by doing” approach by building artificial systems, e.g. robots that not only look like human beings but also represent a model of some brain process. They should, ideally,(More)
This survey presents an overview of the autonomous development of mental capabilities in computational agents. It does so based on a characterization of cognitive systems as systems which exhibit adaptive, anticipatory, and purposive goaldirected behaviour. We present a broad survey of the various paradigms of cognition, addressing cognitivist (physical(More)
We report about the iCub, a humanoid robot for research in embodied cognition. At 104 cm tall, the iCub has the size of a three and half year old child. It will be able to crawl on all fours and sit up to manipulate objects. Its hands have been designed to support sophisticate manipulation skills. The iCub is distributed as Open Source following the GPL/FDL(More)
The relevance of low and high spatial-frequency information for the recognition of photographs of faces has been investigated by testing recognition of faces that have been either low-pass (LP) or high-pass (HP) filtered in the spatial-frequency domain. The highest resolvable spatial frequency was set at 15 cycles per face width (cycles fw-1). Recognition(More)
This article presents some experiments of a real-time navigation system driven by two cameras pointing laterally to the navigation direction (Divergent Stereo). Similarly to what has been proposed in (Franceschini et al. 1991; Coombs and Roberts 1992), our approach (Sandini et al. 1992; Santos-Victor et al. 1993) assumes that, for navigation purposes, the(More)
Robot systems that rely on vision as their main sensory capability need to be able to cope with changes in the visual environment and to manage a wide eld of view. Moreover, in order not to loose real-time response capabilities, selective visual sensing is indeed highly desirable. The \built-in" selection in space and time provided by space variant sensors(More)