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Sardinian ethanol-preferring (sP), non-preferring (sNP), and Wistar rats show similar dopaminergic response to vanilla sugar consumption in nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and similarly learn a vanilla sugar-sustained appetitive behavior. In this study we investigated whether in satiated sP, sNP, and Wistar rats vanilla(More)
Stressful events are accompanied by modifications in dopaminergic transmission in distinct brain regions. As the activity of the neuronal dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT) is considered to be a critical mechanism for determining the extent of DA receptor activation, we investigated whether a 3-week exposure to unavoidable stress, which produces a reduction in(More)
Abstract Acute cocaine administration increases phosphorylation of dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein (M(r) 32 kDa) (DARPP-32) at threonine (Thr)-34, whereas repeated cocaine administration increases DARPP-32 phosphorylation at Thr-75 in Sprague-Dawley rat striatum. Repeated acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) administration persistently increases dopamine(More)
Rats exposed to repeated unavoidable stress show decreased dopamine output in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and do not acquire vanilla sugar (VS)-sustained appetitive behavior (VAB). Rats treated with lithium for 3 weeks also show decreased NAcS dopamine output, yet they acquire VAB. Feeding a novel palatable food increases extraneuronal dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Different stress-induced experimental models of depression are currently used to study the efficacy and mechanism of action of classical or potential antidepressant compounds. We studied the effect of single and repeated administrations of reboxetine, an antidepressant that selectively inhibits noradrenaline reuptake, in the prevention and(More)
Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) and non-preferring (sNP) rats were studied to ascertain whether some behavioral and/or neurochemical traits, beyond ethanol preference, differentiated the two lines. Spontaneous reactivity of Wistar, sP and sNP rats to aversive or pleasurable stimuli was examined in an avoidance test, an elevated plus maze test, and in(More)
In rats, exposure to chronic unavoidable stress produces a decrease in dopamine output in the nucleus accumbens shell that is accompanied by a decreased density of the dopamine transporter and an increased activity of the dopamine-D(1) receptor complex. These modifications have been hypothesized to be adaptive to decreased dopamine output in stressed rats.(More)
Long-term acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) administration prevents the development of escape deficit produced by acute exposure to unavoidable stress. However, it does not revert the escape deficit sustained by chronic stress exposure. Rats exposed to chronic stress show a low dopamine (DA) output in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and do not acquire an(More)
Clinical studies have demonstrated that the antidepressant efficacy of Hypericum perforatum extract is comparable to that of classic antidepressants, such as imipramine. The role played by its components, particularly hypericin and hyperforin, has been examined in different experimental models of depression. The present study was carried out in order to(More)
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