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Eighty continental crossbred beef heifers (414.9 ± 37.9 kg of BW), 16 of which were ruminally cannulated, were used in a 52-d experiment with a generalized randomized block design, to assess if self-selection of dietary ingredients modulates ruminal pH and improves rumen function of feedlot finishing cattle. Treatments were total mixed ration [TMR; 85%(More)
Calf dehorning is a routine husbandry practice on dairy farms that is justified by safety reasons for stockpersons and by a reduced risk of injures among herdmates. In Europe, the practice is regulated by law but little is known about the methods applied or about farmers' attitude to the practice. This study aimed to broaden the existing information on(More)
Six replications in Experiment 1 and four replications in Experiment 2 of a 3 x 3 Latin square arrangement of treatments were used to compare soybean meal or soybean meal partially replaced with fish meal or a protein blend for response in intake, milk yield and composition, ruminal NH3 N, blood urea, and ruminal fermentation in lactating Holstein cows. The(More)
Holstein cows (n = 24, 9 primiparous) were assigned equally to diets based on corn silage and high moisture corn supplemented with soybean meal alone or with either corn gluten meal or dried brewers grains. In diets with two protein sources, the protein quantity from each source was similar. Dietary CP and ADF averaged 16.3 and 18.8%, and undegraded protein(More)
The aim of the present study was transmembrane pressure (TMP) modulation in high-volume mixed hemodiafiltration (HDF) to optimize efficiency and minimize protein loss. The optimal flow/pressure conditions in on-line mixed HDF assisted with a feedback control of TMP were defined in this prospective randomized study in order to obtain maximal efficiency in(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of two roughage sources (wheat straw and beet pulp) to the milk replacer diet of veal calves, in order to reduce stress and improve animal welfare. We allocated 138 Polish Friesian male calves to three different feeding plans: a milk replacer diet (Control), 250 g/d of wheat straw in addition(More)
Growth performance, forestomach development, and carcass and meat quality of veal calves fed a milk replacer diet (Control) were compared to those obtained from calves fed the same liquid diet plus 250 g x calf(-1) x d(-1) of dried beet pulp or wheat straw. Three groups of 46 Polish Friesian calves, balanced according to initial BW, were assigned to the(More)
Growth performance, behavior, physiology, forestomach development, abomasal lesions, and meat quality of veal calves fed a milk-replacer diet (No Water) were compared to those obtained from calves fed the same diet and provided with increasing amounts of drinking water (Water). Two groups of 69 Polish Friesian calves, balanced according to initial BW, were(More)
Four protein sources were incubated in situ to estimate AA disappearance. Bags containing either soybean meal, corn gluten meal, herring meal, or meat meal were washed in water or suspended in the rumen of two Holstein cows for 8, 12, 16, 24, 48, 72, and 120 h. Cytosine, a bacterial marker for microbial contamination, was used to correct the essential AA(More)