Giulio Costanzi

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Neuropathological examination of brain tissue of 100 patients with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including 98 with clinically manifest acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), revealed distinct multifocal-disseminated and diffuse brain tissue lesions, which can be regarded as HIV-induced brain lessions: multifocal giant cell(More)
SUMMARY We studied the distribution and localization of the human papova-viruses JCV and BKV in the central nervous system (CNS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of HIV-positive patients with and without progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) as compared with HIV-seronegative patients. The presence of JCV-DNA and BKV-DNA was evaluated by nested(More)
The presence of HIV gag and env proteins (HIV Ag) and virus replicating cells was studied by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively, in brain specimens from five HIV infected patients. HIV antigens were detected in 3 of 5 brains in micronodular areas characterized by increased cellularity and the presence of multinuclear giant cells.(More)
BACKGROUND We describe herein a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and renal failure due to biopsy-proven BK virus (BKV) infection. Three months after the diagnosis of the renal viral infection, his condition remained unchanged. Although BKV has previously been shown to be associated with ureteral stenosis and renal damage in renal(More)
Brain fragments from eight cases (four autopsies and four biopsies) of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) with JC virus (JCV) lytic infections were examined ultrastructurally. Particular efforts were made to look for virions and their subcellular distribution in cells not usually involved by papovavirus infection. The cellular and(More)
Anatomopathological aspects of the JCV infection in subjects with AIDS. An histologic, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and in situ hybridization study of 54 AIDS autopsies. Among 700 AIDS autopsies performed in our institute from 1984 till 1991 54 brain tissue of definite PML cases were extensively studied. In 10 cases formalin-fixed paraffin sections(More)
Lymph nodes obtained from 7 HIV-positive and 20 HIV-negative patients with Hodgkin's disease were examined for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus antigens and genome. EBV antigens were observed in only 2 out of 20 HIV-negative patients, whereas lymph nodes of HIV-positive patients did not reveal evidence of EBV antigens. By in situ hybridization and(More)
Accurate HPV typing is essential for evaluation and monitoring of HPV vaccines, for second-line testing in cervical cancer screening, and in epidemiological surveys. In this study, we set up and assessed in clinical samples a new HPV typing method based on 454 next-generation sequencing (NGS) of HPV L1 amplicons, generated by using a modified PGMY primer(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, which is thought to be a result of the reactivation of JC virus (JCV), a human polyomavirus. The disease occurs in individuals with immunosuppression and in recent years there has been an increase in PML cases due to AIDS. A nested polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the correlation between immunohistochemical positive patterns (globular and filamentous structures) of beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), used as a marker of axonal damage, and the different distribution of HIV p24 antigens, in three different brain areas of AIDS patients. METHODS Eighteen AIDS patients with HIV-related(More)