Giulio Clari

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Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids negatively influence sperm functions. These substances have been demonstrated in many mammalian tissues, including male and female reproductive tracts, and previous studies have shown the presence of functional receptors for cannabinoids in human sperm. The present study, by means of RT-PCR and Western blot techniques,(More)
Generation of controlled amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphorylation of protein tyrosine (Tyr) residues are two main cellular changes involved in sperm capacitation. This study examined the relationship between tyrosine-phosphorylation (Tyr-P) and endogenous ROS production during sperm capacitation, and correlated them with both sperm(More)
Analysis of protein phosphorylation in highly purified rat brain mitochondria revealed the presence of several alkali-stable phosphoproteins whose phosphorylation markedly increases upon treatment with peroxovanadate and Mn(2+), a property indicating tyrosine phosphorylation. These include three prominent bands, with apparent sizes of 50, 60, and 75 kDa,(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation by unidentified enzymes has been observed in mitochondria, with recent evidence indicating that non-receptorial tyrosine kinases belonging to the Src family, which represent key players in several transduction pathways, are constitutively present in mitochondria. The extent of protein phosphorylation reflects a coordination balance(More)
There are several pieces of evidence supporting the important role that essential fatty acids (EFAs) and their metabolites play in regulating calcium and bone metabolism, and their relevance to the pathobiology of bone disease, with particular reference to modulating effects on cytokines. We found that arachidonic acid (AA) triggers a cell signal in(More)
In human erythrocytes, okadaic acid, a potent inhibitor of certain protein phosphatases, promotes a marked increase of Ser/Thr-phosphorylation of membrane proteins, including band-3 protein. Moreover, okadaic acid also increases the band-3-mediated oxalate transport across the membranes, thus suggesting that this process is regulated by(More)
Epidemiological, clinical and experimental evidence suggests that fatty acids have a modulatory effect on bone metabolism in animals and humans. To investigate this hypothesis, we evaluated the effects of three different fatty acids, arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and oleic acid (OA), on the expression of cytokines involved in bone(More)
Anomalies in the erythrocyte transport of anions and cations have been described in idiopathic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and seem to play a pathogenetic role in this disease. In consideration of the hypothesis that the complex array of ion flux cell abnormalities is an epiphenomenon of an anomaly in the composition of cell membranes, this study(More)
Phosphotyrosyl-protein phosphatase activity of human erythrocyte cytosol can be resolved into two fractions by DEAE-cellulose chromatography followed by P-cellulose chromatography. Both 32P-Tyr-phosphatases are able to dephosphorylate 32P-Tyr of poly (Glu-Tyr) 4:1 but not angiotensin II and synthetic peptide Asp-Ala-Glu-Tyr-Ala-Ala-Arg-Arg-Gly, previously(More)
Treatment of intact human erythrocytes with pervanadate induces Tyr (Y)-phosphorylation of the transmembrane protein band 3; in parallel, the activity of the immunoprecipitated tyrosine kinases Syk and Lyn is increased. When erythrocytes are incubated with pervanadate together with PP1, a specific inhibitor of Src kinases, including Lyn, the(More)