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Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids negatively influence sperm functions. These substances have been demonstrated in many mammalian tissues, including male and female reproductive tracts, and previous studies have shown the presence of functional receptors for cannabinoids in human sperm. The present study, by means of RT-PCR and Western blot techniques,(More)
Generation of controlled amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphorylation of protein tyrosine (Tyr) residues are two main cellular changes involved in sperm capacitation. This study examined the relationship between tyrosine-phosphorylation (Tyr-P) and endogenous ROS production during sperm capacitation, and correlated them with both sperm(More)
This study was carried out to verify the hypothesis of a link between faster endogenous phosphorylation of band 3 protein, the anion carrier, and anomalous oxalate transmembrane self-exchange found in erythrocyte from calcium oxalate renal stone formers. Agents able to modify 32P-labelling of band 3 protein induced a concurrent modification in oxalate(More)
In human erythrocytes, okadaic acid, a potent inhibitor of certain protein phosphatases, promotes a marked increase of Ser/Thr-phosphorylation of membrane proteins, including band-3 protein. Moreover, okadaic acid also increases the band-3-mediated oxalate transport across the membranes, thus suggesting that this process is regulated by(More)
Phosphotyrosyl-protein phosphatase activity of human erythrocyte cytosol can be resolved into two fractions by DEAE-cellulose chromatography followed by P-cellulose chromatography. Both 32P-Tyr-phosphatases are able to dephosphorylate 32P-Tyr of poly (Glu-Tyr) 4:1 but not angiotensin II and synthetic peptide Asp-Ala-Glu-Tyr-Ala-Ala-Arg-Arg-Gly, previously(More)
Treatment of intact human erythrocytes with pervanadate induces Tyr (Y)-phosphorylation of the transmembrane protein band 3; in parallel, the activity of the immunoprecipitated tyrosine kinases Syk and Lyn is increased. When erythrocytes are incubated with pervanadate together with PP1, a specific inhibitor of Src kinases, including Lyn, the(More)
Anomalies in the erythrocyte transport of anions and cations have been described in idiopathic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and seem to play a pathogenetic role in this disease. In consideration of the hypothesis that the complex array of ion flux cell abnormalities is an epiphenomenon of an anomaly in the composition of cell membranes, this study(More)
The response of serine/threonine-phosphorylation of the major transmembrane protein (band 3) in human erythrocytes to the metabolic state of the cells is different from that exhibited by the tyrosine-phosphorylation of the same protein. Precisely, both serine- and tyrosine-phosphorylation are decreased during metabolic depletion of the erythrocytes.(More)
Tyr phosphorylation of the multifunctional transmembrane protein band 3 has been implicated in several erythrocyte functions and disorders. We previously demonstrated that pervanadate treatment of human erythrocytes induces band-3 Tyr phosphorylation, which is catalyzed by the sequential action of tyrosine kinase Syk and tyrosine kinase(s) belonging to the(More)
Epidemiological, clinical and experimental evidence suggests that fatty acids have a modulatory effect on bone metabolism in animals and humans. To investigate this hypothesis, we evaluated the effects of three different fatty acids, arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and oleic acid (OA), on the expression of cytokines involved in bone(More)