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Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids negatively influence sperm functions. These substances have been demonstrated in many mammalian tissues, including male and female reproductive tracts, and previous studies have shown the presence of functional receptors for cannabinoids in human sperm. The present study, by means of RT-PCR and Western blot techniques,(More)
Generation of controlled amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phosphorylation of protein tyrosine (Tyr) residues are two main cellular changes involved in sperm capacitation. This study examined the relationship between tyrosine-phosphorylation (Tyr-P) and endogenous ROS production during sperm capacitation, and correlated them with both sperm(More)
In human erythrocytes, okadaic acid, a potent inhibitor of certain protein phosphatases, promotes a marked increase of Ser/Thr-phosphorylation of membrane proteins, including band-3 protein. Moreover, okadaic acid also increases the band-3-mediated oxalate transport across the membranes, thus suggesting that this process is regulated by(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation by unidentified enzymes has been observed in mitochondria, with recent evidence indicating that non-receptorial tyrosine kinases belonging to the Src family, which represent key players in several transduction pathways, are constitutively present in mitochondria. The extent of protein phosphorylation reflects a coordination balance(More)
Analysis of protein phosphorylation in highly purified rat brain mitochondria revealed the presence of several alkali-stable phosphoproteins whose phosphorylation markedly increases upon treatment with peroxovanadate and Mn(2+), a property indicating tyrosine phosphorylation. These include three prominent bands, with apparent sizes of 50, 60, and 75 kDa,(More)
The Tyr-phosphorylation of the cytoplasmic domain of the major membrane-spanning band 3, rather than the Ser/Thr-phosphorylation of the membrane proteins (spectrin and band 3 itself), might be functionally related to certain morphological changes of human erythrocytes. This view is supported by the following lines of evidence: a) vanadate or its derivative(More)
Genistein, a natural isoflavone present in soybeans, is a potent agent in the prophylaxis and treatment of cancer. Addition of genistein to isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) induces swelling, loss of membrane potential and release of accumulated Ca2+. These changes are Ca2+-dependent and are prevented by cyclosporin A (CsA) and bongkrekic acid (BKA),(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the biochemical parameters of the erythrocyte response to diamide-induced oxidative stress, alone or as adjuncts to serum values of CA-125 and human epididymal secretory protein E4 (HE4), in the diagnosis and study of endometriosis. SETTING University of Padova. DESIGN Prospective study. PATIENT(S) Forty-five patients of(More)
Tyr phosphorylation of the multifunctional transmembrane protein band 3 has been implicated in several erythrocyte functions and disorders. We previously demonstrated that pervanadate treatment of human erythrocytes induces band-3 Tyr phosphorylation, which is catalyzed by the sequential action of tyrosine kinase Syk and tyrosine kinase(s) belonging to the(More)
Band 3 (AE1), the most prominent polypeptide of the human erythrocyte membrane, becomes heavily tyrosine phosphorylated following treatment of intact cells with protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors such as diamide, pervanadate, vanadate, or N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). The mechanism underlying this tyrosine phosphorylation is thought to involve the sequential(More)