Giulio Cattarossi

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The transcription factor SOX2 is widely known to play a critical role in the central nervous system; however, its role in peripheral neurogenesis remains poorly understood. We recently developed an hESC-based model in which migratory cells undergo epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) to acquire properties of neural crest (NC) cells. In this model, we(More)
BACKGROUND Neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) are a transient multipotent embryonic cell population that represents a defining characteristic of vertebrates. The neural crest (NC) gives rise to many derivatives including the neurons and glia of the sensory and autonomic ganglia of the peripheral nervous system, enteric neurons and glia, melanocytes, and the(More)
For decades, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) were thought to be a homogeneous population of cells with flexible behavior. Now a new picture has emerged: The HSC compartment consists of several subpopulations of HSCs each with distinct, preprogrammed differentiation and proliferation behaviors. These programs are epigenetically fixed and are stably(More)
BACKGROUND We demonstrated that highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) increases the toxic effect of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin (DOX) and prednisone (CHOP) in HIV-patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). To ascertain the cause of increased toxicity, we investigated the pharmacokinetics of DOX in HIV-patients with NHL treated with(More)
PURPOSE Irinotecan (CPT11) is a prodrug activated in humans mainly by carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) generating the SN38 metabolite responsible for the drug efficacy and toxicity. The interpatients variability in CPT11 activation step could cause unpredictable toxicity. To identify a predictive molecular marker for CPT11 activation in cancer patients, we(More)
Dermal Papillae (DP) is a unique population of mesenchymal cells that was shown to regulate hair follicle formation and growth cycle. During development most DP cells are derived from mesoderm, however, functionally equivalent DP cells of cephalic hairs originate from Neural Crest (NC). Here we directed human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to generate first(More)
The life-long supply of blood cells depends on the long-term function of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). HSCs are functionally defined by their multi-potency and self-renewal capacity. Because of their self-renewal capacity, HSCs were thought to have indefinite lifespans. However, there is increasing evidence that genetically identical HSCs differ in(More)
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