Giulio Bertoloni

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Oceans cover approximately 70% of the Earth's surface with an average depth of 3800 m and a pressure of 38 MPa, thus a large part of the biosphere is occupied by high pressure environments. Piezophilic (pressure-loving) organisms are adapted to deep-sea life and grow optimally at pressures higher than 0.1 MPa. To better understand high pressure adaptation(More)
The bacterial pathogen Paenibacillus larvae is the causative agent of American foulbrood disease in honeybees (Apis mellifera). A touchdown nested PCR protocol was developed to detect the presence of P. larvae spores directly in honey and hive samples. This approach allows early discovery of the bacteria even at concentrations below pathogenic levels,(More)
Cationic porphyrins have been shown to photoinduce the direct inactivation of Gram-positive (G+) and Gram-negative (G-) bacteria, thereby differing from anionic or neutral porphyrins which can photosensitize the G- bacteria only after permeabilization of their outer membrane. The present data show that the differences between these positively and negatively(More)
The photosensitizing action of hematoporphyrin (Hp) on two Staphylococcus aureus strains was investigated to determine if the photoprocess induces in vivo damage in DNA in addition to that occurring at the level of the cytoplasmic membrane. The results obtained demonstrate that the photokilling is dependent on the Hp dose even though the two strains, having(More)
Selected bacterial strains that are responsible for periodontal diseases are efficiently inactivated by visible light irradiation in the presence of porphycene-polylysine conjugates. Repeated photosensitization of surviving cells does not induce the selection of resistant bacterial strains and does not modify their sensitivity to antibiotic treatment.
Photosensitizing activity of haematoporphyrin (Hp) on Candida albicans cells is mainly promoted by unbound dye molecules in the bulk aqueous medium. Moreover, the death of photosensitized cells is dependent on the dye concentration, irradiation time, irradiation temperature, and the composition of the growth media. Morphological and biochemical studies(More)
Escherichia coli, as most Gram-negative bacteria, is insensitive to the photosensitizing action of both lipid-soluble Zinc-phthalocyanine (Zn-Pc) and water-soluble Zinc-mono/disulfonated phthalocyanine (Zn-PcS). Photosensitivity can be induced by alteration of the outer membrane, as obtained by either induction of competence or treatment with Tris-EDTA.(More)
Two mycoplasmas have been observed with increasing frequency in patients with genitourinary disorders: Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Mycoplasma cells of both these species have been demonstrated to be capable of attaching to human spermatozoa of infertile patients. The mechanisms for the association of infertility and mycoplasma infection(More)