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Translocation programs are a common strategy to increase the number of viable populations of threatened freshwater fishes. Yet, only in a minority of cases the success or failure of translocations has been assessed through a quantitative analysis of demographic traits, compensatory responses, life-histories and population dynamics of the threatened species.(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o The intensification and increased frequency of weather and climate extremes are emerging as one of the most important aspects of climate change. Using a quantitative genetic model, we explore the effects of increasing environmental stochasticity and its interplay with genetic variation and selection pressure on population dynamics and(More)
A computer program, VVF, has been developed to assess the suitability of a territory as habitat for a species. It integrates several types of Habitat Suitability models into a Geographical Information System. In addition to standard GIS functions, VVF allows a user to create, modify and store new Habitat Suitability models for different species, to create(More)
The existence of an allometric relationship between mortality rates and body mass has been theorized and extensively documented across taxa. Within species, however, the allometry between mortality rates and body mass has received substantially less attention and the consistency of such scaling patterns at the intra-specific level is controversial. We(More)
We show how a simple species distribution model can be used for the rapid estimation of potential yield and for the identification of suitable sites for farming of Tapes philippinarum in two North Adriatic lagoons (Caleri and Marinetta-Vallona, Italy) in the face of limited data. We used a two-part species distribution model with sediment type,(More)
The molecular basis of PAH deficiency in the Sicilian population is characterized by a marked heterogeneity, with 44 mutations at a single locus identified by a "gene-scanning" approach and accounting for a detection rate of 91%. The remaining 9% of PAH alleles does not bear mutations in any of the 13 exons and 24 exon/intron junctions. Three mutations(More)
It is well-known that highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) strains can arise from low pathogenic strains (LPAI) during epidemics in poultry farms. Despite this, the possibility that partial cross-immunity triggered by previous exposure to LPAI viruses may reduce the pathogenicity of HPAI and thus enhance its persistence has been generally overlooked in(More)
The European eel Regulation EC 1100/2007 establishes measures to recover the European eel stock. The Regulation requires Member States to guarantee a spawner escapement !40% of pristine levels by reducing eel mortality. The complexity and plasticity of eel life history make it difficult to assess the effectiveness of alternative management options, and(More)
Parasitism is the most common consumer strategy among organisms, yet only recently has there been a call for the inclusion of infectious disease agents in food webs. The value of this effort hinges on whether parasites affect food-web properties. Increasing evidence suggests that parasites have the potential to uniquely alter food-web topology in terms of(More)
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