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OBJECTIVE To summarize the current world position on laparoscopic liver surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Multiple series have reported on the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic liver surgery. Small and medium sized procedures have become commonplace in many centers, while major laparoscopic liver resections have been performed with efficacy and safety(More)
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and young adults with end-stage renal disease. In our study, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 11 patients who had undergone electron beam computerized tomography in our dialysis unit. Our patients, aged 11 to 24 years (median, 19.3 years) were on dialysis or had(More)
BACKGROUND Interventions that minimize hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) can expand the donor organ pool. Thymoglobulin (TG) induction therapy has been shown to ameliorate delayed graft function and possibly decrease IRI in cadaver renal transplants recipients. This controlled randomized trial was designated to assess the ability of TG to protect(More)
A correct preoperative definition of the hepatic duct confluence anatomy of right liver living donors is a pivotal step in determining their candidacy for donation and planning the surgery. The purposes of this study are to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional Magnetic Resonance Cholangiography (3D MRCP) when compared with intraoperative(More)
The role of liver biopsy (LB) in donor selection for adult living donor liver transplantation remains controversial, since the procedure is associated with additional potential risks for the donor. From April 1998 to August 2004, 730 potential living donors for 337 adult recipients underwent our multistep evaluation program. In 144 candidates, LB was(More)
BACKGROUND Hemolytic anemia following solid organ transplant may be caused by 'passenger' lymphocytes producing antibodies against erythrocytes. This phenomenon has never been described after intestinal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS We report a case of severe, immune-mediated hemolysis due to symptomatic passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) in a(More)
Oxidative stress during islet isolation induces a cascade of events injuring islets and hampering islet engraftment. This study evaluated islet isolation and transplantation outcomes after intra-ductal glutamine administration. Human pancreata deemed unsuitable for pancreas or islet transplantation were treated with either a 5 mM solution of l-glutamine (n(More)
There are more than 15,000 patients waiting for a liver transplant in the USA, with an average waiting time of 468 days and a mortality rate as high as 15-20%. Until artificial organs or xenotransplantation becomes a reality, living donor liver transplantation remains the best option for patients with end stage liver disease.
In pediatric kidney transplantation, steroid induced growth retardation and cushingoid features are of particular concern. In children, gradual steroid withdrawal late after kidney transplantation increases the risk of rejection. In this pilot study, we investigated the outcome of pediatric renal transplantation with an early steroid withdrawal protocol.(More)