Giuliano Ramadori

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BACKGROUND Treatment with pegylated interferon (peginterferon) and ribavirin for 48 weeks is more effective than conventional interferon and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of 24 or 48 weeks of treatment with peginterferon-alpha2a plus a low or standard dose of ribavirin. DESIGN Randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are considered the principal matrix-producing cells of the damaged liver. However, other cell types of the fibroblast lineage that have not yet been characterized are also involved in liver tissue repair and fibrogenesis. METHODS We established cultures of cells of the fibroblast lineage, termed rat liver(More)
The acute-phase reaction comprises a variety of systemic changes in response to tissue injury and infection. Synthesis of several plasma proteins in the liver undergoes dramatic changes during the acute-phase reaction. These changes are mediated by the action of cytokines, mainly interleukin 6-(IL6-) and interleukin 1-(IL1-) type cytokines. The role of(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting enzyme of heme degradation. HO regulates the cellular content of the pro-oxidant heme and produces catabolites with physiological functions. HO-1 is induced by a host of oxidative stress stimuli, and the activation of HO-1 gene expression is considered to be an adaptive cellular response to(More)
There is some evidence for the efficacy of acupuncture in chronic low-back pain (LBP), but it remains unclear whether acupuncture is superior to placebo. In a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we evaluated the effect of traditional acupuncture in chronic LBP. A total of 131 consecutive out-patients of the Department of Orthopaedics, University(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their specific inhibitors (TIMPs) play an essential role in liver injury associated with tissue remodeling, the cellular origin of MMPs/TMPs within the liver remains to be clarified. METHODS Different liver cell populations were analysed with respect to their expression by reverse(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Glial fibrillary acidic protein is an intermediate filament first identified in the brain in astrocytes. This study examines glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity in normal and damaged rat livers. Glial fibrillary acidic protein-gene-expression in Ito cells, endothelial cells, Kupffer cells, and hepatocytes is also analyzed. (More)
Asahina and colleagues1 have to be congratulated for the very interesting data and for the enormous amount of work they spent to strengthen their conclusions. The authors demonstrate that fetal mouse liver contains at least three populations of mesenchymal cells. (A) The mesothelial cells which are desmin-positive but negative for smooth muscle actin-alpha(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their specific inhibitors (TIMPs) are thought to play an essential role in liver injury associated with tissue remodeling. However, their distinct expression profile in different liver repair models still remains to be established. Hepatic expression of collagenase (MMP-13), gelatinases A and B (MMP-2, -9), stromelysin-1(More)
Deregulation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis, including the autocrine production of IGFs, IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), IGFBP proteases, and the expression of the IGF receptors, has been identified in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Characteristic alterations detected in HCC and hepatoma cell lines comprise the increased(More)