Giuliano Montagnani

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Phenotype and proliferative ability of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 15 noninstitutionalized children affected with Down Syndrome (DS), in apparently good health, were studied and compared with those of 16 healthy control children of the same age. A complex derangement of all the major peripheral blood cell subsets, i.e., B cells, T cells, and natural(More)
The presence of ACTH and beta-endorphin immunoreactive molecules in the cell-free hemolymph and in the hemocytes of the freshwater snail Planorbarius corneus were demonstrated by immunocytochemistry and RIA tests. Only spreading phagocytic hemocytes were positive, in contrast with other hemocytes devoid of phagocytic activity, i.e., round hemocytes. These(More)
1. Staats JJ, Feder I, Okwumabua O, Chengappa MM. Streptococcus suis: past and present. Vet Res Commun. 1997;21:381– 407. 2. Kopic J, Paradzik MT, Pandak N. Streptococcus suis infection as a cause of severe illness: 2 cases from Croatia. Scand J Infect Dis. 2002;34:683–4. 3. Arends JP, Zanen HC. Meningitis caused by Streptococcus suis in humans. Rev Infect(More)
Neutrophils, recruited to tissue sites of inflammation, release a variety of oxidants and enzymes, which are responsible for tissue damage. Among the oxidants released are potent chlorinated compounds, such as hypochlorous acid and chloramines, which induce tissue cell damage and inactivate protease inhibitors, particularly alpha 1-antitrypsin, the specific(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood (PB) lymphocyte subsets were determined by flow cytometry (FCM) in 15 patients with active multiple sclerosis (MS) and 15 patients with acute inflammatory diseases (ID) of the central nervous system (CNS) in order to establish correlations between the two groups of diseases, as well as between the CSF and PB(More)
The effects of the exposure of mitogen-stimulated human lymphocytes from aged subjects to low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) were studied by measuring the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and the expression of IL-2 receptor. PEMF-exposed cultures that presented increased [3H]thymidine incorporation showed lower amounts of IL-2 in their(More)
Nonrandom translocations with breakpoint at band q21 on chromosome 18 might cause bcl-2 gene deregulation and might contribute to neoplastic transformation in human lymphomas. As the pattern of expression of bcl-2 in hematopoietic cells is still unclear, we have measured the level of the corresponding messenger RNA (mRNA) in a variety of myeloid and(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of two groups of patients affected by Down's syndrome (DS), ie, 28 children and nine adults of relatively advanced age (greater than 34 years), were investigated and compared with those of age- and sex-matched healthy controls (13 children and 20 adults). Particular attention was devoted to cells with markers of natural(More)
BACKGROUND During storage, red blood cells (RBC) undergo chemical and biochemical changes referred to as "storage lesions". These events determine the loss of RBC integrity, resulting in lysis and release of microparticles. There is growing evidence of the clinical importance of microparticles and their role in blood transfusion-related side effects and(More)
HBV vaccine contains the 'a' determinant region, the major immune-target of antibodies (anti-HBs). Failure of immunization may be caused by vaccine-induced or spontaneous 'a' determinant surface gene mutants. Here, we evaluate the possible lack of protection by HBV vaccine, describing the case of an acute hepatitis B diagnosed in a 55-year-old Caucasian(More)