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The identification of biological markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be extremely useful to improve diagnostic accuracy and/or to monitor the efficacy of putative therapies. In this regard, peripheral cells may be of great importance, because of their easy accessibility. After subjects were grouped according to diagnosis, the expression of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of rRNA synthesis inhibition on cell cycle progression and cell population growth according to the RB and p53 status. MATERIAL AND METHODS RB- and p53-proficient U2OS cells and the RB- and p53-deficient SAOS-2 cells were used, rRNA transcription hindered by actinomycin D, and cell cycle analysed by flow cytometry. (More)
The effects of a combination of simvastatin, a cholesterol-lowering agent, and carmustine (BCNU; N,N'-bis(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea) on experimental C6 glioma were studied in vitro and in vivo. In vitro simvastatin and BCNU alone inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent fashion. A subliminal concentration of simvastatin (0.1 microM) markedly and(More)
BACKGROUND Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has been used increasingly in the diagnosis and biologic characterization of breast carcinomas in patients who receive preoperative chemotherapy. Because proliferative activity of breast carcinoma has been shown to be of prognostic significance, the authors compared immunocytochemical Ki-67 growth fraction and(More)
The development of antibodies to cell cycle-related antigens provides the basis for immunochemical studies on cell kinetics. Bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporated by S-phase traversing cells is an exogenous marker of replicating cells, whereas proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is an endogenous marker of replicating cells. We have applied monoclonal(More)
The in vivo activity of different 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase inhibitors (vastatins) on neointimal formation induced by insertion of a flexible collar around one carotid artery of normocholesterolemic rabbits was investigated. The contralateral carotid artery served as a sham control. Pravastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin, and(More)
Markers of oxidative stress have been found in spinal cord, cortex, cerebrospinal fluid, and plasma of SALS patients. Mitochondrial and calcium metabolism dysfunction were also found in peripheral lymphocytes from SALS patients. In this study, we demonstrate that lymphocytes from SALS patients are more prone to undergo alteration of cell membrane integrity(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant primary brain tumor in adulthood, characterized by very high recurrence. Following the limited results for conventional therapies, novel therapeutic agents are under investigation. Among the putative new molecules, gallic acid (GA) represents a promising new anticancer drug. The anticancer effect of this(More)
Bivariate flow cytometric analysis of the cell proliferation-associated nuclear protein, identified as the "proliferating cell nuclear antigen" (PCNA)/cyclin and of nuclear DNA content, was performed in quiescent and mitogen-stimulated human peripheral blood lymphocytes, in EUE (human embryonic epithelium) cells, before and after a long-term exposure to a(More)
46BR.1G1 cells derive from a patient with a genetic syndrome characterized by drastically reduced replicative DNA ligase I (LigI) activity and delayed joining of Okazaki fragments. Here we show that the replication defect in 46BR.1G1 cells results in the accumulation of both single-stranded and double-stranded DNA breaks. This is accompanied by(More)