Giuliano Mazzini

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Markers of oxidative stress have been found in spinal cord, cortex, cerebrospinal fluid, and plasma of SALS patients. Mitochondrial and calcium metabolism dysfunction were also found in peripheral lymphocytes from SALS patients. In this study, we demonstrate that lymphocytes from SALS patients are more prone to undergo alteration of cell membrane integrity(More)
The bottom-up programming of living organisms to implement novel user-defined biological capabilities is one of the main goals of synthetic biology. Currently, a predominant problem connected with the construction of even simple synthetic biological systems is the unpredictability of the genetic circuitry when assembled and incorporated in living cells.(More)
The identification of biological markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be extremely useful to improve diagnostic accuracy and/or to monitor the efficacy of putative therapies. In this regard, peripheral cells may be of great importance, because of their easy accessibility. After subjects were grouped according to diagnosis, the expression of(More)
Glioblastoma (GBL) is the most malignant brain tumour in adults, causing the death of most patients within 9-12 months of diagnosis. Treatment is based on a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. With these treatment modalities, however, responses are extremely poor, so identification of novel treatment strategies is highly warranted.(More)
Markers of oxidative and nitrosative stress have been found in spinal cord, cortex, cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of patients affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal disorder characterised by progressive motor neuron degeneration. In this study, we investigated the effect of the NO-releasing agent, diethylamine NONOate (NONO), on(More)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative multifactorial disease characterized, like other diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) or frontotemporal dementia (FTD), by the degeneration of specific neuronal cell populations. Motor neuron loss is distinctive of ALS. However, the causes of onset and progression of(More)
The pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) involves demise of the retinal pigment epithelium and death of photoreceptors. In this article, we investigated the response of human adult retinal pigmented epithelial (ARPE-19) cells to 5-(N,N-hexamethylene)amiloride (HMA), an inhibitor of Na(+) /H(+) exchangers. We observed that ARPE-19 cells(More)
The genetic elements regulating the natural quorum sensing (QS) networks of several microorganisms are widely used in synthetic biology to control the behaviour of single cells and engineered bacterial populations via ad-hoc constructed synthetic circuits. A number of novel engineering-inspired biological functions have been implemented and model systems(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system, the etiology of which, although not completely known, involves inflammation and autoimmunity. In the present study we aimed at identifying molecular markers of apoptosis, cellular stress and DNA damage in isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of MS patients. The(More)
The cumulus cells (CCs) enveloping antral and ovulated oocytes have been regarded as putative source of non-invasive markers of the oocyte developmental competence. A number of studies have indeed observed a correlation between CCs gene expression, embryo quality, and final pregnancy outcome. Here, we isolated CCs from antral mouse oocytes of known(More)