Giuliano Della Valle

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We report a high-quality draft sequence of the genome of the horse (Equus caballus). The genome is relatively repetitive but has little segmental duplication. Chromosomes appear to have undergone few historical rearrangements: 53% of equine chromosomes show conserved synteny to a single human chromosome. Equine chromosome 11 is shown to have an evolutionary(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetically imposed mark of transcriptional repression that is essential for maintenance of chromatin structure and genomic stability. Genome-wide methylation patterns are mediated by the combined action of three DNA methyltransferases: DNMT1, DNMT3A and DNMT3B. Compelling links exist between DNMT3B and chromosome stability as(More)
The human genome is made up of long DNA segments, the isochores, which are compositionally homogeneous and can be subdivided into a small number of families characterized by different G+C levels. Chromosome in situ suppression hybridization (in which excess unlabeled human DNA is added to suppress hybridization of repeated sequences present in the probe,(More)
The neurodegenerative changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are elicited by the accumulation of beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta), which damage neurons either directly by interacting with components of the cell surface to trigger cell death signaling or indirectly by activating astrocytes and microglia to produce inflammatory mediators. It has been recently(More)
The evolutionary history of alpha-satellite DNA, the major component of primate centromeres, is hardly defined because of the difficulty in its sequence assembly and its rapid evolution when compared with most genomic sequences. By using several approaches, we have cloned, sequenced, and characterized alpha-satellite sequences from two species representing(More)
The putative tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the oncogene c-met is activated (tyrosine-phosphorylated in vivo) in the human gastric carcinoma cell line GTL-16. The corresponding gene is amplified and over-expressed. In this study we show that c-met is part of an amplification unit measuring more than 3000 kb. The multiple copies of the amplicon are(More)
In this work we have investigated the molecular basis of the neuronal damage induced by the prion peptide by searching for a surface receptor whose activation could be the first step of a cascade of events responsible for cell death. By using a human neuroblastoma cell line lacking all the neurotrophin receptors and derived clones expressing the full-length(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors reactivate tumor suppressor gene transcription; induce cancer cell differentiation, growth arrest, and programmed cell death; and are among the most promising new classes of anticancer drugs. Myc oncoproteins can block cell differentiation and promote cell proliferation and malignant transformation, in some cases by(More)
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood. One important factor that predicts a favorable prognosis is the robust expression of the TRKA and p75NTR neurotrophin receptor genes. Interestingly, TRKA and p75NTR expression is often attenuated in aggressive MYCN-amplified tumors, suggesting a causal link between elevated MYCN(More)
Chromosome in situ suppression hybridization has been carried out on human metaphase chromosomes to localize the G+C-richest human DNA fraction (which only represents 3.5% of the genome), as isolated by preparative equilibrium centrifugation in Cs2SO4/3,6-bis(acetatomercurimethyl)-1,4-dioxane density gradient. This fraction essentially corresponds to(More)