Giuliana Zega

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Neurotransmitters play an important role in larval metamorphosis in different groups of marine invertebrates. In this work, the role of dopamine and serotonin during metamorphosis of the ascidian Phallusia mammillata larvae was examined. By immunofluorescence experiments, dopamine was localized in some neurons of the central nervous system and in the(More)
The effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) by portable pump (Microjet MC2, Miles) and conventional optimized insulin therapy (OCT) on metabolic control were compared in a group of five insulin-dependent diabetic patients. A group of seven normal volunteers was examined as control. CSII treatment consisted of a basal insulin infusion and(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter which is supposed to play a key role during development. In the last few years 5-HT receptors have been cloned in many animal species, and there is evidence that different 5-HT receptors are also present in ascidians. Ascidians and vertebrates are both members of the phylum Chordata and both have a dorsal tubular(More)
We describe Ciona intestinalis gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic neurons during development, studying the expression pattern of Ci-GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase: GABA synthesizing enzyme) by in situ hybridization. Moreover, we cloned two GABA(B) receptor subunits (Ci-GABA(B)Rs), and a phylogenetic analysis (neighbor-joining method) suggested that they(More)
Azole compounds are fungicides used in agriculture and in clinical area and are suspected to produce craniofacial malformations in vertebrates. Toxicity tests on sperm viability, fertilization and embryogenesis of the solitary ascidian Phallusia mammillata were performed to evaluate the effects of two azole derivatives, Imazalil and Triadimefon. Ascidian(More)
Thalia democratica is a cosmopolitan tunicate belonging to the Thaliacea class. To further investigate the anatomy of this species, immunohistochemical labelling was performed using anti-tubulin and anti-serotonin antibodies on specimens collected in the Mediterranean Sea. The anti-tubulin antibody stained the cilia of the endostyle, the pericoronal bands(More)
It is well known that the glycemic control accomplished by the artificial endocrine pancreas (Biostator; GCIIS), requires an excessive insulin consumption. In order to improve the Biostator performance, we have studied 5 insulin dependent diabetic patients on anticipated automatic pre-programmed insulin infusion starting at the beginning of breakfast. Such(More)
Mild hypoglycaemia was induced using an artificial pancreas in five normal subjects (from 5.00 ±0.15 to 2.83±0.15 mmol/l) by infusing 28 mU/m2 per min soluble insulin for 60 min. Six Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients were stabilized for 14h using an artificial pancreas. They were then rendered hypoglycaemic (from 4.94±0.09 to 2.89±0.11 mmol/l) by(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the swimming behaviour of C. intestinalis larvae during the first 6 h after hatching by measuring tail muscle field potentials. This recording method allowed a quantitative description of the responses of the larva under light and dark conditions. Three different larval movements were distinguished by their specific(More)
Hydroid planulae metamorphose in response to an inducing external stimulus, usually a bacterial cue. There is evidence that neurotransmitters participate in the signal transduction pathway of hydroid metamorphosis. Eudendrium racemosum is a colonial hydroid common in the Mediterranean Sea. It lacks the medusa stage and the planulae develop on female(More)