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The reactive nitrogen species, nitric oxide (NO), plays an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The suppression of NO production may be fundamental for survival of neurons. Here, we report that pretreatment of human ramified microglial cells with nearly physiological levels of exogenous NO prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/tumor(More)
The fluorescent calcium-sensitive indicators, such as the Calcium Green-1, allow one to detect small calcium transients at low indicator concentrations. The protocol reported here is a rapid and sensitive method that facilitates the measurement of intracellular free-calcium in cell suspensions. Using this assay, we were able to detect and quantify the(More)
The presence of the alpha2macroglobulin receptor/low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (alpha2Mr/LRP) and its ligands alpha2macroglobulin (alpha2M), apoliprotein E, and plasminogen activators was detected in senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To explore a possible role of alpha2M in neurodegenerative processes occurring in AD, we(More)
alpha2-Macroglobulin (alpha2M) has been identified as a carrier protein for beta-amyloid (Abeta) decreasing fibril formation and affecting the neurotoxicity of this peptide. The alpha2-macroglobulin receptor/low density lipoprotein receptor related protein (LRP) is involved in the internalization and degradation of the alpha2M/Abeta complexes and its(More)
The role of the L-arginine-NO pathway on the formation of PGE2 by cultured astroglial cells incubated with the HIV coating glycoprotein gp120 was investigated. Preincubation of human cultured T 67 astrocytoma cells with gp 120 (100-500 nM) produced a significant increase of nitrite (the breakdown product of NO) and PGE2 in cell supernatants. The effect of(More)
A synthetic peptide consisting of amino acid residues 106-126 of the human prion protein (PrP-(106--126)) has been previously demonstrated to be neurotoxic and to induce microglial activation. The present study investigated the expression of the inducible form of the nitric-oxide synthase (NOS-II) in human microglial cells treated with PrP-(106--126). Using(More)
The presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and FGF receptors was investigated in microglia cells derived from human fetal brain long-term cultures. Production of bFGF was suggested through the capability of microglial extracts to stimulate plasminogen activator (PA) synthesis in endothelial cells. The identity of PA-stimulating activity with bFGF(More)
It is widely believed that the inflammatory events mediated by microglial activation contribute to several neurodegenerative processes. Alzheimer's disease, for example, is characterized by an accumulation of beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) in neuritic plaques that are infiltrated by reactive microglia and astrocytes. Although Abeta and its fragment 25-35(More)
Evidence for the presence of a type-III nitric oxide synthase-like protein (NOS-III-like protein) in astroglial cells is reported. The mRNA of a NOS-III-like protein is constitutively expressed in human astrocytoma T67 cells, taken as an astroglial model. The nucleotide sequence of the PCR product (422 bp) shares more than 99% identity with the cDNA (from(More)