Giuliana Leoncini

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BACKGROUND It has been suggested that homocysteine is implicated in the risk of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. The pathogenic mechanism has not been clarified, but oxygen-free species produced by the homocysteine metabolism and auto-oxidation could have a role. DESIGN We have studied the effect of homocysteine on arachidonic acid release in human(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is considered a risk factor in arterial and venous thrombosis. The mechanism by which homocysteine (HCy) supports atherothrombosis is still unknown and may be multifactorial. Earlier in vitro studies demonstrated that HCy induced arachidonic acid release and increased thromboxane B2 (TXB2) formation. In this work, we found that HCy(More)
The incubation of human platelets with methylglyoxal and glucose produces a rapid transformation of the ketoaldehyde to D-lactate by the glyoxalase system and a partial reduction in GSH. Glucose utilization is affected at the level of the glycolytic pathway. No effect of the ketoaldehyde on glycogenolysis and glucose oxidation through the hexose(More)
The results of the present study show that human platelets take up l-arginine by two transport systems which are compatible with the systems y+ and y+L. These Na+independent transporters have been distinguished by treating platelets with N-ethylmaleimide that blocks selectively system y+. System y+, that accounts for 30-40% of the total transport, is(More)
Free radical activity may contribute to atherosclerotic lesions which in diabetic subjects may frequently lead to vascular complications. It is known that oxidative stress is associated to diabetes. Protein glycation and glucose oxidation could be possible source of free radicals. 28 non insulin dependent diabetic subjects (NIDDM) were examined. 20 healthy(More)
In this study the effect of the endocannabinoid anandamide on platelet nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP pathway was investigated. Data report that anandamide in a dose-and time-dependent manner increased NO and cGMP levels and stimulated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. These parameters were significantly reduced by LY294002, selective inhibitor of(More)
INTRODUCTION Type 2 diabetes mellitus shows a characteristic altered platelet function that can be due to several mechanisms such as oxidative stress. Hyperhomocysteinemia, considered as a risk factor for various arterial thrombosis, may have a role in generating oxidative damage, even if the pathogenic mechanisms are still not clear. In this report we(More)
In human platelets the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) stimulates some important pathways leading to thromboxane B2 formation, calcium intracellular elevation, ATP secretion and actin polymerisation. The aim of the present study was to examine the 2-AG effect on myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation and to investigate the mechanisms(More)