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The incubation of human platelets with methylglyoxal and glucose produces a rapid transformation of the ketoaldehyde to D-lactate by the glyoxalase system and a partial reduction in GSH. Glucose utilization is affected at the level of the glycolytic pathway. No effect of the ketoaldehyde on glycogenolysis and glucose oxidation through the hexose(More)
The results of the present study show that human platelets take up l-arginine by two transport systems which are compatible with the systems y+ and y+L. These Na+independent transporters have been distinguished by treating platelets with N-ethylmaleimide that blocks selectively system y+. System y+, that accounts for 30-40% of the total transport, is(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that homocysteine is implicated in the risk of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. The pathogenic mechanism has not been clarified, but oxygen-free species produced by the homocysteine metabolism and auto-oxidation could have a role. DESIGN We have studied the effect of homocysteine on arachidonic acid release in human(More)
As a further part of our chemical and biological studies in this field, we describe the multistep preparations of the properly substituted 2-(1-piperazinyl)chromone 1b, 4-(1-piperazinyl)coumarins 5c-h, their linear benzo-fused analogues 4a,b and 8a,b, bicyclic (15e-g) and tricyclic (15h,i) fused derivatives of 6-(1-piperazinyl)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one, and of(More)
Pursuing our chemical and biological studies in this field, we described the multistep preparation of the new 5-, 6-, or 7-alkoxy and 7-alkoxy-8-methyl substituted 4-(1-piperazinyl)coumarins 5d-v, as well as the in vitro evaluation of their inhibitory activity on human platelet aggregation induced in platelet-rich plasma by ADP, collagen or the Ca(2+)(More)
The production of hydrogen peroxide was measured by following the oxidation of dichlorofluorescein (DCFH) entrapped into platelets. Resting platelets produced nanomolar quantities of DCF, which was proportional to the concentration of platelets and was steady during 1 h of incubation. A significant increase of basal DCF fluorescence was induced by stimuli(More)