Giuliana Gay

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Mycorrhizal symbioses--the union of roots and soil fungi--are universal in terrestrial ecosystems and may have been fundamental to land colonization by plants. Boreal, temperate and montane forests all depend on ectomycorrhizae. Identification of the primary factors that regulate symbiotic development and metabolic activity will therefore open the door to(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are small cysteine-rich peptides involved in metal homeostasis and detoxification. We have characterized two MT genes, HcMT1 and HcMT2, from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum in this study. Expression of HcMT1 and HcMT2 in H. cylindrosporum under metal stress conditions was studied by competitive reverse(More)
As part of a study to identify host plant genes regulated by fungal auxin during ectomycorrhiza formation, we differentially screened a cDNA library constructed from roots of auxin-treated Pinus pinaster (Ait.) Sol. seedlings. We identified three cDNAs up-regulated by auxin. Sequence analysis of one of these cDNAs, PpPrx75, revealed the presence of an open(More)
In an attempt to determine whether auxin-regulated plant genes play a role in ectomycorrhizal symbiosis establishment, we screened a Pinus pinaster root cDNA library for auxin-upregulated genes. This allowed the identification of a cDNA, Pp-GH3.16, which encodes a polypeptide sharing extensive homologies with GH3 proteins of different plants. Pp-GH3.16 was(More)
We studied the effect of fungal auxin overproduction on the growth polarity of cortical cells in pine mycorrhizas by comparing the anatomy of Pinus pinaster (Ait.) Sol. mycorrhizas formed by an IAA-overproducing mutant of Hebeloma cylindrosporum Romagnesi or by the corresponding wild type with non-mycorrhizal short roots. Both wild- type and mutant strains(More)
Epithelial salivary ducts included in the lymphoïd tissue are sometimes recognized in the lymph nodes of an adult parotid region. These salivary inclusions into the nodes are in fact constant features of the foetal parotid gland. They arise by progressive development of a lymph node in a salivary lobula: lymphoid cells progressively stuff the lobula and(More)
Eight ectomycorrhizal fungal isolates of Pisolithus associated with Eucalyptus species in different parts of India were collected and the genetic variability of these isolates was studied by ITS-RFLP and ITS sequencing. All the isolates showed same RFLP patterns with each restriction enzyme, indicating all these isolates of Pisolithus are of the same(More)
Hydrophobins are fungal cell wall proteins involved in aggregation of hyphae. Upon the development of the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis between tree roots and fungal hyphae, the transcripts of hydrophobin genes markedly accumulated. As the precise role of these proteins in symbiosis is not yet known, we develop heterologous expression system of the Pisolithus(More)
A generic, CMOS compatible strategy for transferring a block copolymer template to a semiconductor substrate is demonstrated. An aluminum oxide (Al(2)O(3)) hard mask is selectively deposited by atomic layer deposition in an organized array of holes obtained in a PS matrix via PS-b-PMMA self-assembly. The Al(2)O(3) nanodots act as a highly resistant mask to(More)
The growth of numerous human oestrogen target cell lines is said to have been stimulated by oestradiol. We studied the action of this hormone on the growth of two human cancer cell lines originating from endometrium (GUS), and from breast (FAM). Oestradiol was inactive on endometrial cell multiplication as well as on their tritiated thymidine uptake, but in(More)