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The distribution and relative density of peptide-containing nerves was studied in the rat in order to assess the progression of neuronal changes during the postnatal development of the male genital system from the prepubertal age to adulthood. Testis, caput and cauda epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vescicles, prostate and penis from 8-, 20-, 38-, and(More)
In mice, the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system has been shown to be involved in germ cell apoptosis. In the present study we evaluated the expression of Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) in fetal and adult human testis. Semiquantitative RT-PCR demonstrated the expression of Fas and FasL messenger ribonucleic acids in adult testis, but not in fetal testis (20-22 weeks(More)
The development of the human gonad was investigated by light and transmission electron microscopy in 20 embryos and fetuses between 4.5 and 11.5 weeks of gestation, i.e. during the stages of sex-indifferent gonad, initial testicular and ovarian development. The gonadal blastema in 4.5-week-old embryos appeared formed by poorly differentiated somatic(More)
The relationship between thyroid function and testicular development in the rat was investigated. Hypothyroidism was induced during fetal or post-natal life by adding methimazole (MMI) to the drinking water of pregnant or lactating mothers. A group of newborn rats was treated with MMI and i.p. injections of L-tri-iodothyronine (L-T3). Hypothyroidism was(More)
Degeneration of human male germ cells was analysed by means of light (LM) and transmission electron (TEM) microscopy. The frequency of degenerating cells was correlated with that of Fas-expressing germ cells in human testes with normal spermatogenesis (n = 10), complete early maturation arrest (EMA) (n = 10) or incomplete late maturation arrest (LMA; n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To define by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, the prevalence of sperm tail defects of genetic origin among men suffering for a reduced or absent sperm motility. DESIGN A retrospective study. SETTING Andrology Clinic, University of L'Aquila, Italy. PATIENT(S) The 120 ejaculates of infertile men with a forward motility (FM) <(More)
The transport and storage of spermatozoa in the epididymis depend on the contractile activity of its tubular wall. It is not known what differences exist in the contractile wall of the human epididymis in cases of obstructive azoospermia. The contractile wall in the tubules of the caput epididymidis was analyzed by light microscopy and transmission electron(More)
As little information exists on the semen variability in infertile men, this study aimed at analysing the within-subject variability of semen from men with infertile marriages included in an intrauterine insemination (IUI) programme. Five ejaculates from each of 436 men (2180 specimens) were analysed. The within-subject coefficients of variation (CV(w))(More)
Single structural defects involving the totality of ejaculated sperm are among rare cases of untreatable human male infertility. This form of infertility is of genetic origin and is generally transmitted as an autosomal recessive traits. Acrosome agenesis or globozoospermia results from perturbed expression of nuclear proteins or from an altered(More)
BACKGROUND Asthenozoospermia (AZS) is a common cause of male infertility characterized by reduced forward motility (WHO grade A+B sperm motility <50% or A < 25%) or absent sperm motility in fresh ejaculate. AZS may exist as an isolated disorder, in combination with other sperm anomalies or as part of a syndromic association. Up to date, only a few genes,(More)