Giuliana Cologni

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BACKGROUND Low-level viremia (LLV) is measurable, with enhanced assays, in many subjects with HIV RNA levels <50 copies per milliliter. The clinical consequences of LLV are unknown. METHODS In a prospective study in HIV-1-infected adults, HIV RNA levels were determined with an ultrasensitive test (3 copies/mL) based on a real time polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to examine the clinical outcome in HIV-1-infected patients after more than 10 years of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS We analyzed data from 1,236 treatment-naïve adults who had started HAART. The primary endpoint was the yearly prevalence of death for AIDS-related causes (ARC) or for non-AIDS related causes(More)
Correlates of immune reconstitution after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are not completely understood, in particular as far as viro-immunological discordant responses are concerned. HIV-positive patients on stable HAART for > or = 1 year were recruited. Viro-immunological responses were categorized according to positive or negative area under(More)
The systemic inflammatory response has been postulated as having prognostic significance in a wide range of different cancer types. We aimed to assess the prognostic role of inflammatory markers on survival in HIV-infected patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), and to compute a prognostic score based on inflammatory biomarkers. We evaluated data on HIV(More)
We evaluated factors associated with normalization of the absolute CD4+ T-cell counts, per cent CD4+ T cells and CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio. A multicentre observational study was carried out in patients with sustained HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL. Outcomes were: CD4-count >500/mm(3) and multiple T-cell marker recovery (MTMR), defined as CD4+ T cells >500/mm(3)(More)
A prospective, randomized pilot trial was conducted in naive patients comparing three different combinations: zidovudine+lamivudine+lopinavir/ritonavir (arm A) versus tenofovir+lamivudine+efavirenz (arm B) versus tenofovir+didanosine+efavirenz (arm C). HIV-RNA slope (days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28) was slower in arm C with respect to arm B (P < 0.0001). Seven out(More)
Continuous surveillance of HIV primary resistance mutations is highly important due to their potential clinical impact. All patients naïve to antiretrovirals who had > or =1 genotypic resistance testing at the Institute of Infectious Diseases (Brescia, Northern Italy) between 2001 and 2006 were analyzed. Primary resistance mutations were defined using(More)
(i) To compare early decrease of HIV plasma viral load (pVL) after two standard combinations of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). (ii) To evaluate variations of proviral HIV-DNA load on conditions of sustained pVL undetectability. Two different sub-studies of a multicentre prospective randomized controlled trial which compared two first-line(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between insulin resistance and rapid virologic response. DESIGN All consecutive HIV/hepatitis C virus coinfected patients who started peg-interferon alpha-2a (180 microg/week) and ribavirin 1000-1200 mg/day were analysed. METHODS Insulin resistance was defined according to the homeostasis model of(More)
BACKGROUND Nevirapine-containing regimens have been associated with a risk of significant elevations of liver transaminase levels. Higher risk in antiretroviral-naive populations has been related to gender and CD4+ T-cell count (women with CD4+ T-cell counts of > or =250/mm(3) or men with CD4+ T-cell counts of > or =400/mm(3), i.e. group at risk). However,(More)