Giulia Romani

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The modular architecture of voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels suggests that they resulted from the fusion of a voltage-sensing domain (VSD) to a pore module. Here, we show that the VSD of Ciona intestinalis phosphatase (Ci-VSP) fused to the viral channel Kcv creates Kv(Synth1), a functional voltage-gated, outwardly rectifying K(+) channel. Kv(Synth1)(More)
The rapid uptake of weak acids permeant in the uncharged form is accompanied in maize and wheat root segments by a hyperpolarization of the transmembrane electrical potential and an increase in K(+) uptake, suggesting a stimulation of the plasmalemma H(+) pump. The evaluation of weak acid-induced H(+) extrusion must take into account the alkalinization of(More)
KAT1 is a cloned plant potassium channel belonging to the superfamily of Shaker-like Kv channels. Previous studies have shown that 14-3-3 proteins significantly increase KAT1 current by modifying the channel open probability. Employing a 14-3-3 scavenger construct to lower the long-term availability of endogenous 14-3-3 proteins, we found that 14-3-3(More)
In maize root segments fusicoccin induced a consistent increase in cell sap pH (taken as representative of vacuolar pH). This effect was markedly enhanced by the presence of K(+) in the medium, whereas in the absence of fusicoccin K(+) did not significantly influence cell sap pH. Treatment with a weak acid at 2 mm concentration inhibited the uptake of a(More)
Most chloroviruses encode small K(+) channels, which are functional in electrophysiological assays. The experimental finding that initial steps in viral infection exhibit the same sensitivity to channel inhibitors as the viral K(+) channels has led to the hypothesis that the channels are structural proteins located in the internal membrane of the virus(More)
Nicotine was used to induce an intracellular alkalinization in Elodea densa leaves in order to study the regulation of the plasmalemma H pump activity by alkaline intracellular pH values. Nicotine was found to enter the cells rapidly in the uncharged form and to induce a significant intracellular pH increase, measured either directly as cell sap pH or as(More)
Chlorella virus PBCV-1 (Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1) encodes the smallest protein (94 amino acids, named Kcv) previously known to form a functional K+ channel in heterologous systems. In this paper, we characterize another chlorella virus encoded K+ channel protein (82 amino acids, named ATCV-1 Kcv) that forms a functional channel in Xenopus(More)
Treatment of Arabidopsis thaliana cells with oligogalacturonides (OG) initiates a transient production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the concentration of which in the medium peaks after about 20 min of treatment. The analysis of OG effects on Ca (2+) fluxes shows that OG influence both Ca (2+) influx and Ca (2+) efflux (measured as (45)Ca (2+) fluxes)(More)
The anti-auxin 4-chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (PCIB) applied at a concentration of 10-2 mol m-3 to maize root segments was found to induce a transmembrane electrical potential of up to-130 mV (Δpd of 30 mV). The kinetics of this response were comparable to the time scale for PCIB-stimulated H+-extrusion. Both effects are eliminated by the addition of(More)
The effects of ABA, isobutyric acid (IBA) and nicotine on K+ and Cl- efflux were studied in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings, and the role of pHcyt and Em in the regulation of the efflux of these ions was discussed. The data show that treatments with IBA and nicotine influenced in opposite directions the efflux of either K+ or Cl-: K+ efflux was increased by(More)