Giulia Fregni

Learn More
PURPOSE Immunotherapy is an alternative for metastatic melanoma patients resistant to chemotherapy. Natural killer (NK) cells are powerful antileukemia effectors and their role in solid tumors is suspected. NK cell activation is regulated by a balance between activating receptors, which detect stress molecules on tumor cells, and HLA-I specific inhibitory(More)
ApoJ/Clusterin (CLU) is a heterodimeric protein localized in the nucleus, cytoplasm or secretory organelles and involved in cell survival and neoplastic transformation. Its function in human cancer is still highly controversial. In this study, we examined the prostate of mice in which CLU has been genetically inactivated. Surprisingly, we observed(More)
The tumor suppressor gene von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) is involved in the development of sporadic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). VHL interferes with angiogenesis and also controls cell adhesion and invasion. Therapies that target VHL-controlled genes are currently being evaluated in RCC patients. RCC is a immunogenic tumor and treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor-derived soluble factors, including soluble HLA molecules, can contribute to cancer immune escape and therefore impact on clinical course of malignant diseases. We previously reported that melanoma cells produce, in vitro, soluble forms of the non-classical MHC class I molecule HLA-E (sHLA-E). In order to investigate sHLA-E production by(More)
Melanomas are aggressive skin tumors characterized by high metastatic potential. Immunotherapy is a valuable alternative for metastatic melanoma patients resistant to chemotherapy. Natural Killer (NK) cells are efficient anti-tumor cytotoxic effectors. We previously showed that blood NK cells from stage IV metastatic melanoma patients display decreased NK(More)
Abbreviations: ADCC, antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity; AML, acute myeloid leukemia; CML, Chronic Myeloid Leukemia; CRC, colorectal cancers; CTC, Circulating tumor cells; DC, Dendritic cell; EMT, epithelial-mesenchymal transition; GIST, gastrointestinal tumor; HIF, Hypoxia-inducible factor; HLA, human leukocyte antigen; HSCT, hematopoietic stem cell(More)
Expression of the SS18/SYT-SSX fusion protein is believed to underlie the pathogenesis of synovial sarcoma (SS). Recent evidence suggests that deregulation of the Wnt pathway may play an important role in SS but the mechanisms whereby SS18-SSX might affect Wnt signaling remain to be elucidated. Here, we show that SS18/SSX tightly regulates the elevated(More)
Melanomas are characterized by high metastatic potential, with regional lymph node representing the most frequent site of early dissemination in this disease. These regional lymph nodes also represent the primary site for differentiation of natural killer (NK) cells. Although blood-derived NK cells can efficiently lyse melanoma cells isolated from(More)
The focus of this study was to investigate NK cell reconstitution early after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We were particularly interested in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) since patients with this disease may display an altered NK cell function. The function and the phenotype of donor-derived NK cells obtained from 35 allografted patients(More)
Melanomas are characterized by high metastatic potential, with regional lymph node representing the most frequent site of early dissemination in this disease. These regional lymph nodes also represent the primary site for differentiation of natural killer (NK) cells. Although blood-derived NK cells can efficiently lyse melanoma cells isolated from(More)