Giulia Costanzi

Learn More
Neuropathological examination of brain tissue of 100 patients with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including 98 with clinically manifest acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), revealed distinct multifocal-disseminated and diffuse brain tissue lesions, which can be regarded as HIV-induced brain lesions: multifocal giant cell(More)
Microglial nodules associated with opportunistic and HIV-related lesions are frequently found in the brains of AIDS patients. However, in many cases, the causative agent is only presumptively suspected. We reviewed 199 brains of AIDS patients with micronodular lesions to clarify their etiology by immunohistochemistry (to Toxoplasma gondii, cytomegalovirus,(More)
We evaluated the frequency and histopathological features of concomitant infections of the central nervous system (CNS) with cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex viruses type 1 or 2 (HSV1/2) in a large series of patients who had died from AIDS. Eighty-two autopsy cases with a histological diagnosis of CMV necrotizing encephalitis were examined(More)
Neuropathological changes have been described associated with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection. The objective of our study was to characterize the lesions found in the brain and spinal cord of experimentally FIV-infected cats and to quantify, by morphometric analysis, the intensity of gliosis found in these subjects at different time post(More)
The distribution of JC virus (JCV) variants in the brain, lung, liver, kidney, spleen and lymph nodes collected at autopsy from AIDS patients with (Group A: 10 Ss) and without (Group B: 5 Ss) progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and from HIV-negative patients (Group C: 5 Ss), was examined by amplifying the JCV large T antigen (LT), the(More)
A case of AIDS with varicella zoster virus fulminant necrotizing encephalitis associated with cytomegalovirus ependymitis-subependymitis and a periventricular Epstein-Barr virus-related lymphoma is described. The patient had no herpes zoster cutaneous eruptions and died three days after the onset of symptoms. Varicella zoster virus and cytomegalovirus(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the immunochemical distribution ofRantes chemokine and its correlation with HIV-p24 expression, in brains with HIV-related lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS 17 HIV-positive cases of HIV-related brain lesions, 7 HIV-positive cases without cerebral HIV-related lesions (5 with opportunistic brain diseases), and 7 HIV-negative cases as controls(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are pluripotent cells derived from adult somatic cells. After the pioneering work by Yamanaka, who first generated iPSCs by retroviral transduction of four reprogramming factors, several alternative methods to obtain iPSCs have been developed in order to increase the yield and safety of the process. However, the(More)
  • 1