Giulia Cappelli

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replicates more efficiently in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-infected macrophages than in uninfected controls. We investigated whether this may be partly explained by changes in expression of CCR5 in the course of mycobacterial infection, as this molecule has been shown to be a coreceptor for HIV entry. Since the lung(More)
The testing of dried blood spots (DBSs) for human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA by PCR is a technology that has proven to be particularly valuable in diagnosing exposed infants. We implemented this technology for HIV-1 early infant diagnosis (EID) and HIV-1 RNA viral load determination in infants born of HIV-1-seropositive mothers from remote(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the most prolific pathogens worldwide, and its virulence resides in its capacity to survive in human macrophages. In the present study, we analyzed the gene expression profile of M. tuberculosis H37Rv in macrophages and synthetic medium at the whole genome level. Out of 3875 spots tested, 970 genes passed the statistical(More)
BACKGROUND Scale-up to antiretroviral therapy (ART) requires surveillance for HIV drug resistance. With the goal of attaining 100% pediatric ART coverage in Cameroon, strategies to limit the spread of HIV resistance among children are very important. METHODS From June 2009 through February 2011, 92 HIV-1-infected children (41 ART-naive, 51 failing(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the use of dried blood spots (DBSs) and dried plasma spots (DPSs) locally collected in 2 rural dispensaries in Cameroon for the quantification of HIV-1 RNA. METHODS Forty-one subjects were sampled and spots of whole blood and plasma were deposited onto Whatman 903 cards and dried at ambient temperature under local(More)
Currently the prevalence of HIV-1 infection in Cameroon is 5.1%, CRF02_AG subtype is responsible for about 50% of infections. Since an HIV-1 drug resistance test is not yet available widely, accurate data on the prevalence of resistant viral strains are missing. The objective of this study was to determine HIV-1 genetic diversity and to characterize HIV-1(More)
Monocyte differentiation into dendritic cells (DCs) depends on microenvironmental conditions. In this study, the capacity of human monocytes to differentiate into mature DCs and their ability to induce an antiviral immune response was investigated in HIV-infected patients. In healthy subjects, monocytes differentiate into CD1a+ DCs in the presence of(More)
In vitro diagnosis of MTB-infection uses MTB-proteins coded for by genes of the region of differentiation 1 (RD1) of the MTB genome. This study wants to test if proteins preferentially expressed during MTB-intracellular growth might provide new targets for the diagnosis of MTB-infection. To this end seventy-five multiepitopic HLA-promiscuous MTB-peptides(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) colony morphology was associated to the pathogen's virulence. We isolated a new MTB H37Rv smooth colony, which only appeared following human macrophages (MDM) infection. The new phenotype was Alcohol-Acid resistant, but devoid of a covering capsule and biofilm defective. We ascertained that there were no deletions in the(More)
Mycobacteria are intracellular pathogens that survive and grow in host macrophages. Following phagocytosis, sustained intracellular bacterial growth depends on its ability to avoid destruction by macrophage-mediated host defences such as lysosomal enzymes, reactive oxygen and the reactive nitrogen intermediates. This suggests that the interaction between(More)