Gitte Petersen

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Common wheat (Triticum aestivum) has for decades been a textbook example of the evolution of a major crop species by allopolyploidization. Using a sophisticated extension of the PCR technique, we have successfully isolated two single-copy nuclear genes, DMC1 and EF-G, from each of the three genomes found in hexaploid wheat (BA(u)D) and from the two genomes(More)
A phylogenetic analysis was conducted on 31 diploid species representing 21 of the 24 monogenomic genera of the Triticeae. The data used were derived from a 1343- to 1358-bp region of the plastid genome spanning the entire rpoA gene plus minor parts of the petD and rps11 genes and the two intergenic spacers surrounding rpoA. Bromus inermis (Bromeae) was(More)
The present review focuses on the relationship between formation of N-acylethanolamine phospholipids (NAPEs) and N-acyletransferase (NAEs) catalyzed by N-acyltranferase and NAPE-hydrolyzing phospholipase D, respectively, and cell injury in tissues like brain, heart, and testis. A number of mechanisms are proposed by which these two groups of lipids may have(More)
Endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines are lipid mediators regulating a wide range of biological functions including food intake. We investigated short-term effects of feeding rats five different dietary fats (palm oil (PO), olive oil (OA), safflower oil (LA), fish oil (FO) and arachidonic acid (AA)) on tissue levels of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, anandamide,(More)
The mode of transposition of miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs) is unknown, but it has been suggested that they are duplicated rather than excised at transposition. However, the present investigation demonstrates that a particular family of MITEs, Stowaway:, is excised. Mapped onto a gene tree based on partial sequences of disrupted(More)
The ever-larger data matrices resulting from continuing improvements in DNA sequencing techniques require faster and more efficient methods of phylogenetic analysis. Here we explore a promising new method, parsimony jackknifing, by analyzing a matrix comprising 2538 sequences of the chloroplast generbcL. The sequences included cover a broad taxonomic range,(More)
N-acyl-ethanolamine phospholipids (NAPE) can be formed as a stress response during neuronal injury, and they are precursors for N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAE), some of which are endocannabinoids. The levels of NAPE accumulated during post-decapitative ischemia (6 h at 37 degrees C) were studied in rat brains of various age (1, 6, 12, 19, 30, and approximately(More)
The protein encoded by the single-copy nuclear gene DMC1 belongs to the recA-like group of proteins involved in meiosis. Partial nucleotide sequence, spanning exon 10 to exon 15, was used to test the applicability of the gene to phylogenetic studies in higher plants and used to assess its molecular evolution. The sequences produced from the Triticeae(More)
The anorectic lipid oleoylethanolamide and the orexigenic lipid anandamide both belong to the group of N-acylethanolamines that are generated by the enzyme N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D. The levels of the two bioactive lipids were investigated in rat intestines after 24 h of starvation as well as after 1 and 4 h of re-feeding.(More)
During evolution, plants and other organisms have developed a diversity of chemical defences, leading to the evolution of various groups of specialized metabolites selected for their endogenous biological function. A correlation between phylogeny and biosynthetic pathways could offer a predictive approach enabling more efficient selection of plants for the(More)