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Most cellular processes are carried out by multiprotein complexes. The identification and analysis of their components provides insight into how the ensemble of expressed proteins (proteome) is organized into functional units. We used tandem-affinity purification (TAP) and mass spectrometry in a large-scale approach to characterize multiprotein complexes in(More)
Protein complexes are key molecular entities that integrate multiple gene products to perform cellular functions. Here we report the first genome-wide screen for complexes in an organism, budding yeast, using affinity purification and mass spectrometry. Through systematic tagging of open reading frames (ORFs), the majority of complexes were purified several(More)
Previous UV cross-linking studies demonstrated that, upon integration of the U2 snRNP into the spliceosome, a 14 kDa protein (p14) interacts directly with the branch adenosine, the nucleophile for the first transesterification step of splicing. We have identified the cDNA encoding this protein by microsequencing a 14 kDa protein isolated from U2-type(More)
Signal transduction pathways are modular composites of functionally interdependent sets of proteins that act in a coordinated fashion to transform environmental information into a phenotypic response. The pro-inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha triggers a signalling cascade, converging on the activation of the transcription factor(More)
Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum controls a number of cellular processes, including proliferation and contraction of smooth muscle and other cells. Calcium release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive stores is negatively regulated by binding of calmodulin to the IP3 receptor (IP3R) and the NO/cGMP/cGMP kinase I (cGKI) signalling(More)
The 25S [U4/U6.U5] tri-snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein) is a central unit of the nuclear pre-mRNA splicing machinery. The U4, U5 and U6 snRNAs undergo numerous rearrangements in the spliceosome, and knowledge of all of the tri-snRNP proteins is crucial to the detailed investigation of the RNA dynamics during the spliceosomal cycle. Here we(More)
Many important cell mechanisms are carried out and regulated by multi-protein complexes, for example, transcription and RNA processing machinery, receptor complexes and cytoskeletal structures. Most of these complexes remain only partially characterized due to the difficulty of conventional protein analysis methods. The rapid expansion of DNA sequence(More)
The eukaryotic nucleolus contains a large number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) that are involved in preribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) processing. The H box/ACA-motif (H/ACA) class of snoRNAs has recently been demonstrated to function as guide RNAs targeting specific uridines in the pre-rRNA for pseudouridine (psi) synthesis. To characterize the protein(More)
Here we report the rapid identification of the proteins of the spliceosomal U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by searching mass spectrometric data in genomic sequence databases. The U1 snRNP, containing a histidine-tagged 70K protein, was isolated from cell extracts by anti m3G-cap immunoaffinity and(More)
Protein complexes assembled on mRNA precursors can be separated by gel filtration chromatography to yield spliceosomal and H complex fractions (Reed R, Griffith J, Maniatis T, 1988, Cell 53:949-961; Reed R, 1990, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 87:8031-8035.). Here we use Nano electrospray mass spectrometry (Wilm M, Mann M, 1994, Int J Mass Spectrometry Ion(More)