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Allergen-specific CD4+ T lymphocytes are activated at extremely low allergen concentrations in vivo as a result of serum-facilitated allergen presentation (S-FAP). It is not clear at present if specific allergy vaccination (SAV) has an effect on this mechanism. Here we show that birch allergen-specific serum-IgE facilitates the presentation of Bet v 1, the(More)
BACKGROUND On cross-linking of receptor-bound IgE antibodies by allergens, effector cells (basophils and mast cells) involved in type I allergic reactions degranulate and release the potent chemical mediators stored inside their granules. Total and allergen-specific IgE concentrations, IgE affinity for allergen, and IgE clonality are all distinct properties(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of IgE-mediated allergic disease is closely related to the production of T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines, which lead to IgE production pivotal for activation of mast cells and basophils. Proliferating T cells along with eosinophils expanded and attracted by Th2 cytokines are major contributors to the late-phase reaction. The(More)
BACKGROUND In Europe, specific immunotherapy is currently conducted with vaccines containing allergen preparations based on intact extracts. In addition to this, chemically modified allergen extracts (allergoids) are used for specific allergy treatment. Reduced allergenicity and thereby reduced risk of side effects in combination with retained ability to(More)
The opossum esophagus contains only smooth muscle in the distal two-thirds; it can be used to study autonomic control of esophageal smooth muscle. Three different preparations of opossum esophagus were used; the esophagus in vivo, the isolated whole esophagus, and isolated strips of the three layers of esophageal smooth muscle. Responses were examined to(More)
BACKGROUND Allergen-specific immunotherapy is the only curative treatment for type I allergy. It can be administered subcutaneously (SCIT) or sublingually (SLIT). The clinical efficacy of these two treatment modalities appears to be similar, but potential differences in the immunological mechanisms involved have not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE To(More)
An implant telemetry system for the simultaneous monitoring of temperature, activity, and EKG from small animals, such as rats, has recently been designed with the novel feature that instead of a battery the system is energized by an inductive field. A 250 kHz resonant coil surrounds the cage (30 X 30 X 20 cm) and provides the approximately 100 muW of power(More)
Effector cell activation and T-cell activation, the latter mediated by facilitated antigen presentation, are immunological mechanisms that play crucial roles in the manifestation and maintenance of allergic disease. In addition to their relevance for the pathogenesis of allergy in-vivo, in-vitro assays based on these immunological mechanisms have been(More)
A long-range and long-life telemetry system for heart rate and multiple body temperatures from free-ranging animals is described. This system includes an implantable transmitter, external receiver-retransmitter collar, and a signal conditioner interface circuit to assist in demodulation of receiver tone outputs before data processing. The size of the(More)