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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common inflammatory disorder with complex etiology that involves both genetic and environmental triggers, including but not limited to defects in bacterial clearance, defective mucosal barrier and persistent dysregulation of the immune response to commensal intestinal bacteria. IBD is characterized by two distinct(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Genetic variations that affect innate immunity increase risk of ileal Crohn's disease (CD). However, the penetrance of susceptibility genes, including NOD2, is low, suggesting additional risk factors. Neutralizing autoantibodies (Ab) against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF Ab) reduce neutrophil antimicrobial(More)
OBJECTIVES Infliximab is effective in treating moderate/severe ulcerative colitis (UC) in adults. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome after treatment with infliximab in pediatric UC. METHODS We performed a multicenter cohort study of 332 pediatric patients with UC enrolled in the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Collaborative Research(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of variables in osteosarcoma. We performed a retrospective analysis of 35 patients with non-metastatic limb osteosarcoma that were treated between 1973 and 1994. The following variables were evaluated: age, sex, ethnic group, tumor histology and primary site, alkaline phosphatase (ALP)(More)
Massey and Parkes (Gut 2007;56:1489–92) recently highlighted the impact of genomewide association (GWA) studies in generating new insights into the aetiology of Crohn’s disease (CD). We share their enthusiasm. However, the mechanisms underlying childhood-onset CD remain unknown. Phenotypic differences among children, the increased risk of CD among family(More)
OBJECTIVES NOD2/CARD15 variants have recently been shown to be associated with Crohn's disease (CD). No analysis of NOD2/CARD15 gene variants has so far been reported in pediatric patients. Therefore, our aim was to analyze NOD2/CARD15 gene variants in children with CD and to perform genotype-phenotype analyses. METHODS We studied 101 children with CD and(More)
OBJECTIVES Although it is known that extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) commonly occur in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), little research has examined rates of EIMs and their relation to other disease-related factors in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the rates of EIMs in pediatric IBD and examine correlations with(More)
OBJECTIVES Variations in chronic illness care are common in our health care system and may lead to suboptimal outcomes. Specifically, inconsistent use and suboptimal medication dosing have been demonstrated in the care of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Quality improvement (QI) efforts have improved outcomes in conditions such as asthma and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Pediatric endoscopic procedures are essential in the evaluation and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in children. Although pediatric endoscopists are greatly interested in increasing efficiency and through-put in pediatric endoscopy units, there is scarcely any literature on this critical process. The goal of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We examined the incidence of Crohn's disease (CD)-related surgery in a multi-center, inception cohort of pediatric patients with CD. We also examined the effect of starting immunomodulator therapy within 30 days of diagnosis. METHODS Data from 854 children with CD from the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Collaborative Research Group(More)