Learn More
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of interventions focused on reducing screen time. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CINAHL through April 21, 2011. STUDY SELECTION Included studies were randomized controlled trials of children aged 18 years or younger with interventions that focused on(More)
INTRODUCTION Canadian Aboriginal people have been disproportionately affected by obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Our objective was to determine the prevalence of obesity, glucose intolerance and the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Tsimshian Nation youth living in 3 remote coastal communities. METHODS A medical history, anthropometric(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to characterize maternal health profiles and birth outcomes among First Nations people living in Southern Ontario. METHODS We performed a retrospective chart review of all 453 women from the Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, who were pregnant between 2005 and 2010. Maternal health behaviours, past medical history, physical measurements,(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in children and adolescents is a growing public health concern. Although the prevalence of T2D in First Nations children has been documented to be as high as 1% in central Canada, no paediatric data are available for any Aboriginal community in British Columbia (BC). OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of(More)
The adoption of health behaviors characterized by minimal energy expenditure and overconsumption of energy has led to cardiometabolic risk factors in pregnancy, childhood, and youth, all of which increase the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The propensity to develop abdominal obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors appears to(More)
Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have higher rates of obesity compared to children with typical motor development, and, as a result may be at increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome (MetS). The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of MetS and its components among children with and without DCD. This nested(More)
OBJECTIVE South Asians are a high-risk group for type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. We sought to determine ethnic differences in newborn adiposity comparing South Asians (SA) to White Caucasians (Whites). METHODS Seven hundred ninety pregnant women (401 SA, 389 Whites) and their full-term offspring from two birth cohorts in Canada were analyzed.(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study are to: i) examine differences in body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of overweight/obesity between immigrant versus non-immigrant youth aged 12-19 years, and ii) identify the extent to which lifestyle and socio-demographic factors account for between-group differences. METHODS Data for analyses come from combining(More)
BACKGROUND Canada is an ethnically diverse nation, which introduces challenges for health care providers tasked with providing evidence-based dietary advice. OBJECTIVES We aimed to harmonize food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) across 4 birth cohorts of ethnically diverse pregnant women to derive robust dietary patterns to investigate maternal and newborn(More)