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It has been proposed that infections with helminths can protect from the development of allergic diseases. However, epidemiological and experimental studies have yielded conflicting results. Therefore we investigated if an infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis influenced the development of allergen-induced Th2 cell responses in mice. We found a(More)
RATIONALE Epidemiological studies suggest that infections with helminths protect from the development of asthma. Supporting this view is our published finding that infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis decreased ovalbumin-induced Th2 responses in the lung of mice. OBJECTIVES To evaluate if N. brasiliensis excretory-secretory products also prevent(More)
BACKGROUND IL-4 and IL-13 are considered as key regulators for the development of atopic disease. OBJECTIVE This study addresses the therapeutic potential of an IL-4/IL-13 inhibitor on the basis of a mutated IL-4 variant (Q116D, Y119D) during allergic sensitization and in established disease in a murine asthma model with persistent airway pathologic(More)
In this study, we examined in more detail the development of rat bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC). A two-stage culture system was used to propagate BMDC from rat bone marrow precursors. BMDC developed within clusters of proliferating cells after repetitive addition of rat granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor and rat interleukin (IL)-4(More)
Most infections with respiratory viruses induce Th1 responses characterized by the generation of Th1 and CD8(+) T cells secreting IFN-gamma, which in turn have been shown to inhibit the development of Th2 cells. Therefore, it could be expected that respiratory viral infections mediate protection against asthma. However, the opposite seems to be true,(More)
We have previously reported that an infection of the lung with BCG-inhibited ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway eosinophilia. In the current study, we investigated if the intranasal application of heat killed (HK)-BCG or purified protein derivative (PPD) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis had the same effect. For this purpose we treated mice intranasally with(More)
Although the PNS belongs to the immune privileged sites, it can become a target of immune attacks by invading T cells, causing inflammation and destruction. Yet the PNS also has a protective potential by eliminating the inflammatory cells via apoptosis. In analogy with other immune-protected sites, participation of the apoptosis-inducing Fas/FasL molecules(More)
BACKGROUND Allergen-induced T-helper type 2 (Th2) responses can be inhibited with Th1 directing vaccines. However, studies comparing the efficacy of the different adjuvants have not been performed in detail. OBJECTIVE For this reason we compare the effects of live Bacillus-Calmette-Guerin(BCG), heat-killed (hk)-BCG, CpG-ODN (oligodeoxynucleotide) or PPD(More)
Most Bcl-2 family members can localize to intracellular membranes via hydrophobic sequences within their C-terminal portion. We found that the C terminus of the anti-apoptotic family member A1 did not function as a membrane anchor. Instead, this stretch of the protein rendered A1 highly unstable by mediating its polyubiquitination and rapid proteasomal(More)
The incidence and severity of allergic disorders is currently increasing worldwide. The reason for this development is unclear. However, epidemiological studies and experimental data suggest that this increase may be due to a decline in infectious diseases which induce T helper type 1 (Th1) and/or T regulatory (Tr) responses. Based on these observations,(More)