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All ligands of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which has important roles in development and disease, are released from the membrane by proteases. In several instances, ectodomain release is critical for activation of EGFR ligands, highlighting the importance of identifying EGFR ligand sheddases. Here, we uncovered the sheddases for six EGFR(More)
CD23, the low-affinity immunoglobulin E receptor, is an important modulator of the allergic response and of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. The proteolytic release of CD23 from cells is considered a key event in the allergic response. Here we used loss-of-function and gain-of-function experiments with cells lacking or overexpressing candidate(More)
The metalloproteinase and major amyloid precursor protein (APP) alpha-secretase candidate ADAM10 is responsible for the shedding of proteins important for brain development, such as cadherins, ephrins, and Notch receptors. Adam10(-/-) mice die at embryonic day 9.5, due to major defects in development of somites and vasculogenesis. To investigate the(More)
RATIONALE Pathological neovascularization is a critical component of diseases such as proliferative retinopathies, cancer and rheumatoid arthritis, yet much remains to be learned about the underlying causes. Previous studies showed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A activates the membrane-anchored metalloproteinase ADAM17 (a disintegrin and(More)
The metalloproteinase ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17) controls EGF receptor (EGFR) signaling by liberating EGFR ligands from their membrane anchor. Consequently, a patient lacking ADAM17 has skin and intestinal barrier defects that are likely caused by lack of EGFR signaling, and Adam17(-/-) mice die perinatally with open eyes, like Egfr(-/-)(More)
Congenital heart disease is the most common form of human birth defects, yet much remains to be learned about its underlying causes. Here we report that mice lacking functional ADAM19 (mnemonic for a disintegrin and metalloprotease 19) exhibit severe defects in cardiac morphogenesis, including a ventricular septal defect (VSD), abnormal formation of the(More)
MDC9 (ADAM9/meltrin gamma) is a widely expressed and catalytically active metalloprotease-disintegrin protein that has been implicated in the ectodomain cleavage of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and as an alpha secretase for the amyloid precursor protein. In this study, we evaluated the expression of MDC9 during(More)
Metalloprotease disintegrins are a family of membrane-anchored glycoproteins that are known to function in fertilization, myoblast fusion, neurogenesis, and ectodomain shedding of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Here we report the analysis of the intracellular maturation and catalytic activity of the widely expressed metalloprotease disintegrin MDC9. Our(More)
Cellular disintegrins are a family of proteins that are related to snake venom integrin ligands and metalloproteases. We have cloned and sequenced the mouse and human homologue of a widely expressed cellular disintegrin, which we have termed MDC9 (for metalloprotease/disintegrin/cysteine-rich protein 9). The deduced mouse and human protein sequences are 82%(More)
The receptor mechanisms mediating the retrograde axonal transport of the neurotrophins have been investigated in adult rats. We show that transport of the TrkB ligands NT-4 and BDNF to peripheral neurons is dependent on the low affinity neurotrophin receptor (LNR). Pharmacological manipulation of LNR in vivo using either an anti-LNR antibody or a soluble(More)