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The study was performed to determine age, sex, and time-dependent changes in aortic wall thickness (AWT) and to evaluate cross-sectional associations between AWT and arterial stiffness in older adults. Three hundred seventy-one longitudinal and 426 cross-sectional measurements of AWT from cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging studies conducted within(More)
The term acute aortic syndrome (AAS) incorporates aortic dissection, intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. The common feature of these entities is disruption of the medial layer of the aortic wall. Owing to the life-threatening nature of these conditions, prompt and accurate diagnosis is of paramount importance--misdiagnosis can be(More)
BACKGROUND Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure may adversely influence myocardial function, predisposing individuals to heart failure later in life. OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate how cumulative exposure to higher BP influences left ventricular (LV) function during young to middle adulthood. METHODS The CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk(More)
Aortic size increases with age, but factors related to such dilatation in healthy young adult population have not been studied. We aim to evaluate changes in aortic dimensions and its principal correlates among young adults over a 20-year time period. Reference values for aortic dimensions in young adults by echocardiography are also provided. Healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Non-syndromic aortic disease (NSAD) is a frequently asymptomatic but potentially lethal disease characterised by familial cases of thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. This monogenic but genetically heterogeneous condition is primarily inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder with low penetrance and variable expression. Mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies demonstrated the usefulness of MRI in the evaluation of aortic biomechanics in Marfan patients with aortic dilatation. However, these parameters have not been well studied in earlier stages of aortic disease. The present work aimed to study aortic biomechanics: aortic distensibility (AD) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), by MRI in(More)
PURPOSE To determine the normal size and wall thickness of the ascending thoracic aorta (AA) and its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors in a large population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS The mean AA luminal diameter was measured in 3573 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) participants (age: 45-84 years), using gradient echo phase(More)
BACKGROUND Subclinical cardiovascular disease is prevalent in patients with Metabolic Syndrome (MetSyn). Left ventricular (LV) circumferential strain (εCC) and longitudinal strain (εLL), assessed by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography (STE), are indices of systolic function: shortening is indicated by negative strain, and thus, the more negative the strain,(More)
AIMS Longitudinal determinants of aortic stiffness (AS) measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have not been assessed in a large community-based population. Our aim was to examine the determinants of change in thoracic AS over 10 years of follow-up in a multi-ethnic population of individuals 45 years of age and older measured by MRI. METHODS AND(More)