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We studied the ultrastructural characteristics in patients with myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) and differentiated between MFM-subtypes using electron microscopic (EM) findings. The ultrastructural findings in 19 patients with different genetically proven MFMs (9 desmin, 5 alphaB-crystallin, 3 ZASP, 2 myotilin) were analyzed. In one ZASPopathy, we additionally(More)
Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a rare epileptic syndrome characterized by continuous focal seizures. We report on a 16-year-old girl who died of prolonged pharmacoresistant EPC in whom we identified a 7472insC mutation within the mitochondrial transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA)(ser(UCN)). Additional symptoms included ataxia, lactic acidosis, myopathy,(More)
It is well established that systemic inflammation induces a counter-regulatory anti-inflammatory response particularly resulting in deactivation of monocytes/macrophages. However, recently we demonstrated a systemic anti-inflammatory response without preceding signs of systemic inflammation in patients with brain injury/surgery and release of cytokines into(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the phosphoinositide phosphatase myotubularin 1 protein (MTM1) are usually associated with severe neonatal X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM). However, mutations in MTM1 have also been recognized as the underlying cause of "atypical" forms of XLMTM in newborn boys, female infants, female manifesting carriers and adult men.(More)
Histological mitochondrial changes are generally found to be associated with late onset myofibrillar myopathies (MFMs). How these changes contribute to the pathogenesis of MFMs is unknown. Mitochondrial changes, including COX-deficient fibers (n = 8), biochemical activities of respiratory chain complexes (n = 7), and multiple mtDNA deletions by long-range(More)
The brain renin-angiotensin system plays a role in both cardiovascular homeostasis and neurosecretory functions. Since the mechanisms of angiotensin (Ang) II formation in the human brain have not been clarified, the aims of the present study were to determine the presence of human chymase and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) in human and non-human(More)
In West Berlin in the autumn of 1975 through the following 5 months we observed 18 juvenile patients who had a toxic polyneuropathy and had sniffed a glue thinner. The neurological picture consisted of a symmetrical, progressive, ascending, mainly motor, polyneuropathy with pronounced muscle atrophy and characteristic vegetative alterations. The height of(More)
Myofibrillar myopathies (MFMs) are rare inherited or sporadic progressive neuromuscular disorders with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In the current study, we have analyzed histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics in genetically identified MFMs. We performed a morphological and morphometrical study in a cohort of 24(More)
Autosomal-dominant centronuclear myopathy (CNM) due to mutations in the dynamin 2 gene (DNM2) is a rare congenital myopathy histopathologically characterized by centrally located nuclei and a radial arrangement of sarcoplasmic strands around the central nuclei. A total of 1,582 consecutive muscle biopsies of adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) were screened for(More)
Cytokine-mediated inflammatory cell recruitment into the brain is a critical step in the response to diverse insults, including infection, trauma, and stroke. Hence, continous intra-cerebroventricular infusion of interleukin (IL)-1beta leads to an impressive cell invasion into the cerebrospinal fluid, as well as the brain parenchyma. Neither tumor necrosis(More)