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We studied the ultrastructural characteristics in patients with myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) and differentiated between MFM-subtypes using electron microscopic (EM) findings. The ultrastructural findings in 19 patients with different genetically proven MFMs (9 desmin, 5 alphaB-crystallin, 3 ZASP, 2 myotilin) were analyzed. In one ZASPopathy, we additionally(More)
PURPOSE Scleral biomechanical weakness and thinning is known to be one of the main factors in the pathogenesis of progressive myopia. We tried to strengthen rabbit sclera by cross-linking scleral collagen using ultraviolet A (UVA) and the photosensitizer riboflavin. METHODS Circumscribed 10 x10 mm sectors of the posterior--equatorial sclera of six(More)
In West Berlin in the autumn of 1975 through the following 5 months we observed 18 juvenile patients who had a toxic polyneuropathy and had sniffed a glue thinner. The neurological picture consisted of a symmetrical, progressive, ascending, mainly motor, polyneuropathy with pronounced muscle atrophy and characteristic vegetative alterations. The height of(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the phosphoinositide phosphatase myotubularin 1 protein (MTM1) are usually associated with severe neonatal X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM). However, mutations in MTM1 have also been recognized as the underlying cause of “atypical” forms of XLMTM in newborn boys, female infants, female manifesting carriers and adult men.(More)
Myofibrillar myopathies (MFMs) are rare inherited or sporadic progressive neuromuscular disorders with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In the current study, we have analyzed histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics in genetically identified MFMs. We performed a morphological and morphometrical study in a cohort of 24(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by genetic defects affecting neuromuscular transmission. Mutations of DOK7 have recently been described in recessive forms of CMS. Dok-7 is a cytoplasmic post-synaptic protein co-activator of the muscle-specific receptor-tyrosine kinase (MuSK) involved in neuromuscular(More)
It is well established that systemic inflammation induces a counter-regulatory anti-inflammatory response particularly resulting in deactivation of monocytes/macrophages. However, recently we demonstrated a systemic anti-inflammatory response without preceding signs of systemic inflammation in patients with brain injury/surgery and release of cytokines into(More)
An outbreak of neuropathies among Berlin solvent sniffers was closely related to the denaturation by methyl-ethyl-ketone (MEK) of the mixture used. The solvent was composed of n-hexane, toluene and ethyl-acetate. Nervous system responses to chronic repeated exposure to 10,000 ppm pure n-hexane, 10,000 ppm MEK/n-hexane (ratio 1:9) and 6000 ppm pure MEK were(More)
The juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL, Batten disease, MIM 204200), is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease, which is characterized by ubiquitous accumulation of the lipopigment material ceroid-lipofuscin. It manifests with loss of vision in childhood due to retinal degeneration, followed by seizures and parkinsonism leading to(More)
In the present study we investigated the biochemical properties of in vitro phenolic (5'D) and tyrosyl (5D) ring deiodination and the tissue concentrations of T4, T3, and rT3 in adult human central nervous system (CNS) tissue. All samples were obtained from nontumoral tissue at autopsy (n = 6) or neurosurgical operation (n = 5). Both phenolic and tyrosyl(More)