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The effect of strength training and endogenously elevated hormone levels (plasma testosterone, growth hormone (GH) and cortisol) was studied in 16 young untrained males, divided into an arm only training group, A, and a leg plus arm training group, LA, in order to increase circulating levels of anabolic hormones. Both groups performed the same one-sided arm(More)
Motor unit (MU) activity pattern was examined in the right-hand extensor digitorum communis muscle (EDC) during standardised finger movements simulating actual computer mouse tasks. Intramuscular recordings were performed with a quadripolar needle electrode. Nine women performed four lifts of their right-hand index finger, middle finger or both as well as a(More)
Cyclists seek to maximize performance during competition, and gross efficiency is an important factor affecting performance. Gross efficiency is itself affected by pedal rate. Thus, it is important to understand factors that affect freely chosen pedal rate. Crank inertial load varies greatly during road cycling based on the selected gear ratio.(More)
Since it became clear that K(+) shifts with exercise are extensive and can cause more than a doubling of the extracellular [K(+)] ([K(+)](s)) as reviewed here, it has been suggested that these shifts may cause fatigue through the effect on muscle excitability and action potentials (AP). The cause of the K(+) shifts is a transient or long-lasting mismatch(More)
UNLABELLED This study investigated the variation in freely chosen pedal rate between subjects and its possible dependence on percentage myosin heavy chain I (%MHC I) in m. vastus lateralis, maximum leg strength and power, as well as efficiency. Additionally, the hypothesis was tested that a positive correlation exists between percentage MHC I and efficiency(More)
Effects of speed and precision on electromyography (EMG) in human shoulder muscles were studied during a hand movement task where five points were marked repeatedly with a pencil. Six female subjects performed with three precision demands and at four speeds. Three of the speeds were predefined, while the last speed was performed as fast as possible. The EMG(More)
Documentation of causality between repetitive motions and musculoskeletal disorders calls for detailed understanding of the exposure variables and the corresponding physiologic responses in the biologic tissues. Quantification of the kinetics in some jobs characterized by repetitive motions is summarized with the physiologic responses in the muscles. Muscle(More)
Task-dependent differences in relative activity between "functional" subdivisions within human muscles are well documented. Contrary, independent voluntary control of anatomical subdivisions, termed neuromuscular compartments is not observed in human muscles. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to investigate whether subdivisions within the human(More)
The goal of the present study was to investigate the significance of low-force continuous or intermittent static contraction and feedback mode (visual or proprioceptive) on the development of muscle fatigue as assessed by electromyography (EMG) and mechanomyography (MMG). Visual (force control) and proprioceptive (displacement control) feedback was(More)
Controversies exist regarding objective documentation of fatigue development with low-force contractions. We hypothesized that non-exhaustive, low-force muscle contraction may induce prolonged low-frequency fatigue (LFF) that in the subsequent recovery period is detectable by electromyography (EMG) and in particular mechanomyography (MMG) during low-force(More)