Learn More
The cell-surface glycoprotein of Halobacteria contains oligosaccharides of the type Glc4----1GlcA4----1GlcA4----1GlcA (where GlcA indicates glucuronic acid) with a sulfate group attached to each of the GlcA residues. We report here that in addition to this cell-surface glycoprotein, the halobacterial flagellar proteins (recently described by Alam, M., and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protein tyrosine phosphatase N2 (PTPN2) has been identified as a Crohn's disease (CD) candidate gene. However, a role for PTPN2 in the pathogenesis of CD has not been identified. Increased permeability of the intestinal epithelium is believed to contribute prominently to CD. The aim of this study was to determine a possible role for PTPN2(More)
BACKGROUND The adipokine CTRP-3 (C1q/TNF-related protein-3) belongs to the C1q/TNF-related protein family which antagonizes the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The aim was to investigate the antiinflammatory and antifibrotic role of CTRP-3 in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Mesenteric adipose tissue (MAT) of patients with CD or colonic cancer (CC) was(More)
Impaired epithelial barrier function plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interferon-gamma (IFNgamma), are believed to be prominently involved in the pathogenesis of Crohn disease. Treatment of T(84) intestinal epithelial cells with IFNgamma severely impairs their barrier(More)
BACKGROUND Creeping fat represents a characteristic feature of Crohn's disease (CD), and adipose tissue secretes adipocytokines and chemokines/growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Because VEGF serum levels and mucosal VEGF expression is elevated in CD patients, the aim of the present paper was to investigate creeping fat-derived(More)
The cell surface glycoprotein of Halobacteria contains two different types of sulfated saccharides: hexuronic acid-containing oligosaccharides linked to the protein via asparaginylglucose, and a serially repeated saccharide unit containing amino sugars that resembles the animal glycosaminoglycans. Here we report that 1) the sulfated repeating unit(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) regulates many cellular functions, such as proliferation, apoptosis, and ion transport. Our aim was to investigate whether long term treatment with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) modulates EGF activation of downstream signaling pathways in intestinal epithelial cells and if this contributes to dysregulation of epithelial(More)
The cell-surface glycoprotein of halobacterium contains a sulfated repeating unit saccharide chain, similar to the mammalian glycosaminoglycans. The composition of a presumptive repeating pentasaccharide unit of this glycosaminoglycan is 1 GlcNAc, 1 GalNAc, 1 Gal, 1 GalA (where GalA represents galacturonic acid), 1 3-O-methyl-GalA, and 2 SO42-. Linkage to(More)
Articular adipose tissue is a ubiquitous component of human joints, but its local functions are largely unknown. Because recent studies revealed several links between adipose tissue, adipocytokines, and arthritis, we investigated the expression of the adipocytokine adiponectin and its functional role in articular adipose tissue and synovium of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Adipose tissue is recognized as a compartment secreting highly active molecules. Creeping fat represents a characteristic feature of Crohn's disease (CD). Proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory adipose-derived secretory products, now generally called adipocytokines, may play a role in the pathogenesis of CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adipose tissue(More)