Gisela F Erf

Learn More
The lungs of broilers are constantly challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) that can activate leukocytes and trigger thromboxane A2 (TxA2)- and serotonin (5HT)-mediated pulmonary vasoconstriction leading to pulmonary hypertension. Among broilers from a single genetic line, some individuals respond to LPS with large increases in pulmonary(More)
decreased in SC diets. In conclusion, the results of this experiment indicated that Supercede corn may have the potential to replace the energy source in broiler diets. 331 Identification of differentially expressed genes in broilers fed different levels of phosphorus and calcium. Excess phosphorus (P) in poultry litter is an increasing concern and the(More)
Pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS; ascites) in fast growing meat-type chickens (broilers) is characterized by the onset of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) leading to right-sided congestive heart failure and terminal ascites. Intravenous microparticle (MP) injection is a tool used by poultry geneticists to screen for the broilers that(More)
The Smyth line (SL) of chicken is an excellent animal model for human autoimmune vitiligo. In SL vitiligo (SLV), postnatal loss of melanocytes in feathers appears to be due to cell-mediated immunity. In this study, leukocyte infiltration and associated expression (RNA) of immune function-related cytokines in growing feathers were investigated throughout SLV(More)
Infectious and metabolic disorders are common in poultry and cause stress, poor performance, and mortality that results in considerable economic loss. Identifying the nature of stress in chickens will assist the development of appropriate measures to improve health and welfare. Acute phase proteins are hepatic proteins, the blood concentrations of which(More)
Whether immune responses are dominated by inflammation or antibody production is often key to surviving infections. Therefore, differential control of these immune pathways determined by CD4 T cells is of fundamental interest for vaccine design. Little is known about how inflammatory [T helper cell (Th) type 1 (Th1)] versus antibody-inducing (Th2) choices(More)
The Smyth line (SL) of chicken is an excellent avian model for human autoimmune vitiligo. The etiology of vitiligo is complicated and far from clear. In order to better understand critical components leading to vitiligo development, cDNA microarray technology was used to compare gene expression profiles in the target tissue (the growing feather) of SL(More)
Intravenous microparticle (MP) injection is a patented method used to select broilers with a robust pulmonary capacity and improved resistance to pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, ascites). Injected MP become entrapped in the terminal pulmonary arterioles where they elicit an increase in pulmonary arterial pressure attributable to vascular occlusion and(More)
The Smyth line (SL) chicken is the only animal model for autoimmune vitiligo that spontaneously displays all clinical and biological manifestations of the human disorder. To understand the genetic components underlying the susceptibility to develop SL vitiligo (SLV), whole genome resequencing analysis was performed in SLV chickens compared with(More)
Differences in serum protein profiles were analyzed to identify possible biomarkers associated with a poultry leg problem named tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) that can lead to lameness. A bead-based affinity matrix (ProteoMiner TM) containing a combinatorial library of hexapeptides was used to deplete high abundant proteins and enrich the less abundant ones(More)
  • 1