Valproate, a widely used anti-epileptic drug also employed in the treatment of neurological diseases such as bipolar disorder and migraine, regulates the glutamatergic and GABAergic systems, although its effects in cell physiology have not been thoroughly characterized. High concentrations of glutamate reached during abnormal neurotransmission if not… (More)
Differential interference contrast (Nomarski) optics and autoradiography were used to estimate independently the rate of outer segment renewal in the early stages of progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD) in dogs. We have found that significant reductions in renewal rate are demonstrable using the two methods of analysis: autoradiography = 34% reduction;… (More)
The visual pigment of dogs affected with progressive rod-cone degeneration was compared with that of normal dogs. Absorption spectra from detergent extracts and from intact photoreceptors showed no significant difference between normal and affected animals in the shape of the absorption spectrum, the wavelength of maximum absorbance (gamma max = 506 nm), or… (More)
A posterior segment approach for cell transplantation or injection into the subretinal space of the dog has been developed. Controlled penetration to the subretinal space was achieved using a 29-gauge injection cannula, either blunted or with a 30 degrees sharpened bevel, and partially ensheathed with moveable plastic tubing. Depending on the injection… (More)
An adult male, domestic short-haired cat with generalized retinal atrophy was found to have a 60-fold increase in plasma ornithine and ornithinuria. Ornithine-8-aminotransferase activity was undetectable in its tissues and in its cultured skin fibroblasts. This feline condition is thus analogous to gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina in humans.