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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to identify a small, metabolically stable somatotropin release inhibiting factor (SRIF) analog with a more universal binding profile similar to that of natural somatostatin, resulting in improved pharmacological properties and hence new therapeutic uses. DESIGN A rational drug design approach was followed by(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) is a cyclic tetradecapeptide hormone initially isolated from ovine hypothalami. It inhibits endocrine and exocrine secretion, as well as tumor cell growth, by binding to specific cell surface receptors. Its potent inhibitory activity, however, is limited by its rapid enzymatic degradation and the consequent short plasma half-life.(More)
Graft vessel disease (GVD) is a major cause of graft loss after the first year following transplantation. GVD is a complex, multifunctional process that involves immunological as well as non-immunological events such as ischaemia/reperfusion injury. An important target cell to interfere with the development of GVD is the smooth muscle cell (SMC).(More)
OBJECTIVE Currently, there is no effective medical treatment for patients with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. A novel somatostatin (SS) analogue, named SOM230, with high binding affinity to SS receptor subtypes sst(1), sst(2), sst(3) and sst(5) was recently introduced. We compared the in vitro effects of the sst(2)-preferring SS analogue octreotide(More)
Somatostatin receptor-expressing tumours are potential targets for therapy with radiolabelled somatostatin analogues. We have synthesized a number of such analogues in the past and identified [DOTA-dPhe1, Tyr3]octreotide (SMT 487) as the most promising candidate molecule because of its advantageous properties in cellular and in vivo tumour models. In the(More)
The somatostatin analogue octreotide (SMS 201-995) inhibits secretion and growth of certain tumor cells, and current efforts are directed toward the elucidation of its mode of antiproliferative action. In this study, the effect of octreotide on the growth of ZR-75-1 human breast cancer cells has been characterized in immunodeficient nude mice and in cell(More)
The goal of this project was to find a somatostatin (SRIF) analog with superior therapeutic potential. Receptor binding studies of new SRIF analogs were used to reveal SRIF substructures that interact with individual human SRIF receptor subtypes (sst1-sst5). Incorporation of these substructures into a stable cyclohexapeptide template led to SOM230, which(More)
Treatment with the somatostatin receptor (sst) subtype 2 predominant analogs octreotide and lanreotide induces clinical and biochemical cure in approximately 65% of acromegalic patients. GH-secreting pituitary adenomas, which are not controlled, also express sst(5). We compared the acute effects of octreotide and SOM230, a new somatostatin analog with high(More)