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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this cohort study was to investigate the risk of malignant neoplasms and mortality in patients with diabetes treated either with human insulin or with one of three insulin analogues. METHODS Data were provided by the largest German statutory health insurance fund (time-frame: January 1998 to June 2005 inclusive), on patients(More)
Medicines have made an appreciable contribution to improving health. However, even high-income countries are struggling to fund new premium-priced medicines. This will grow necessitating the development of new models to optimize their use. The objective is to review case histories among health authorities to improve the utilization and expenditure on new(More)
PURPOSE Population-based data about patterns and prevalence of antidepressant drug use is limited in Europe and presently unavailable for Germany. Therefore, we have identified patterns and prevalence of antidepressant use among outpatients on a population-based scale in the German state of Baden-Wuerttemberg. METHODS We conducted a historical cohort(More)
BACKGROUND There are potential conflicts between authorities and companies to fund new premium priced drugs especially where there are safety and/or budget concerns. Dabigatran, a new oral anticoagulant for the prevention of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), exemplifies this issue. Whilst new effective treatments are needed,(More)
The 3-day course on the managed entry of new medicines was run by the Piperska group, which is a pan-European group striving to enhance the health of the public as a whole and the individual patient through exchanging ideas and research around the rational use of drugs. Participants included health authority and health insurance personnel, academics and(More)
Germany is frequently cited as an example of reference based pricing (RBP) in ongoing controversial discussions on the effect of RBP. There are thorough analyses of phase I and II RBP on Germany's drug market. However, any conclusions on the overall economic and public health impact of RBP, solely on the basis of aggregated data, must be suspect to(More)
Considerable variety in how patients respond to treatments, driven by differences in their geno- and/ or phenotypes, calls for a more tailored approach. This is already happening, and will accelerate with developments in personalized medicine. However, its promise has not always translated into improvements in patient care due to the complexities involved.(More)
BACKGROUND There are potential conflicts between authorities and companies to fund new premium priced drugs especially where there are effectiveness, safety and/or budget concerns. Dabigatran, a new oral anticoagulant for the prevention of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), exemplifies this issue. Whilst new effective treatments(More)