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We evaluated the mechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux in 10 patients with reflux esophagitis and compared the results with findings from 10 controls. The patients had more episodes of reflux (35 +/- 15 in 12 hours, as compared with 9 +/- 8 in the controls) and a lower pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (13 +/- 8 mm Hg as compared with 29 +/- 9 in(More)
Greater interest in wound healing is needed to ensure higher standards of basic care. Precise identification of the systemic, local, and molecular factors underlying the wound healing problem in individual patients should allow better tailored treatment. Allogeneic skin grafting and bioengineered skin equivalents are being used successfully in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and safety of imiquimod 5% cream treatment for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ. METHODS In all, 31 patients with biopsy-proven cutaneous SCC in situ were randomly assigned to placebo (vehicle) (n = 16) or imiquimod 5% cream (n(More)
Carcinomas, cancers of epithelial tissues, are the commonest malignancies and cause the greatest cancer mortality worldwide. Among these, the incidence of keratinocyte-derived non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), by far the greatest, is increasing rapidly. Yet despite access to tumor tissue, acceptance of human NMSC as a model carcinoma has been hindered by(More)
The expression of different keratin intermediate filaments has been used to define keratinocyte maturation and different phenotypic subtypes involved in acute wound (AW) healing. Immunohistochemistry with specific anti-keratin monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies was used to examine AW in normal healthy volunteers (n = 16). In all wounds examined, basal(More)
Epithelial cancers are the most common malignancies and the greatest cause of cancer mortality worldwide. The incidence of keratinocyte-derived (non-melanoma) skin cancers is increasing rapidly. Despite access to abundant tumor tissue and ease of observation, acceptance of non-melanoma skin cancers as model carcinomas has been hindered by the lack of a(More)
Primary human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCas) are heterogeneous invasive tumors with proliferating outer layers and inner differentiating cell masses. To determine if tumor-initiating cells (TICs) are present in SCCas, we utilized newly developed reliable in vitro and in vivo xenograft assays that propagate human SCCas, and demonstrated that a small subset(More)
Pyoderma gangrenosum is potentially a devastating and destructive disorder. There is no uniformly effective or specific therapy for pyoderma gangrenosum. Previous reports of nicotine therapy for pyoderma gangrenosum have suggested it to be efficacious. Unfortunately, previous reports were restricted by the use of commercially available preparations of(More)
Humans are a natural reservoir for Staphylococcal aureus. Colonization begins soon after birth and predisposes to infection. S. aureus is one of the most common causes of skin infection, giving rise to folliculitis, furunculosis, carbuncles, ecthyma, impetigo, cellulitis and abscesses. In addition, S. aureus may cause a number of toxin-mediated(More)