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In the worst generalized HIV epidemics in East and Southern Africa, from one-quarter to three-quarters of women aged 15 years can expect to be living with HIV or to have died with AIDS by age 40 years. This disaster continues in the face of massive HIV prevention programmes based on current inexact knowledge of HIV transmission pathways and risks. To stop(More)
The biological delignification of lignocellulosic feedstocks, Prosopis juliflora and Lantana camara was carried out with Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, a white rot fungus, at different scales under solid-state fermentation (SSF) and the fungal treated substrates were evaluated for their acid and enzymatic saccharification. The fungal fermentation at 10.0 g(More)
561 Letters Three of the four HPS samples previously confirmed by the ALI in São Paulo tested positive by our ELISA. Of the remaining 12 suspected HPS cases assayed, three were positive. Two of these three were later confirmed as positive by the ALI (Luiza Teresinha Madia de Souza, ALI, pers. comm.) Thus, we report three previously unconfirmed HPS cases,(More)
  • G Mehta
  • 1990
The occurrence of aspergillus endocarditis in four patients after open heart surgery, within a period of 10 months, in a centre where no case had been encountered in the previous 7 years, led us to investigate the possible source and factors contributing to this 'outbreak'. The ventilation system, air conditioning plant, air and inanimate sources in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility, phage type and plasmid profile pattern of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi A strains isolated in Kuwait. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 1995 to December 1999, 106 strains of S. enterica serotype paratyphi A isolated from an equal number of cases of enteric fever, attending the Infectious(More)
BACKGROUND Newer molecular diagnostics have brought paradigm shift in early diagnosis of tuberculosis [TB]. WHO recommended use of GeneXpert MTB/RIF [Xpert] for Extra-pulmonary [EP] TB; critics have since questioned its efficiency. METHODS The present study was designed to assess the performance of GeneXpert in 761 extra-pulmonary and 384 pulmonary(More)
A total of 448 patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery were followed for the development of postoperative infection. Non-extracorporeal procedures were assigned to group 1 and open-heart procedures to group 2. The incidence of infection was compared in two groups who received prophylactic antibiotics. Patients (n = 253) received ampicillin alone (group(More)