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Matural curcuminoids, curcumin, I, II and III isolated from turmeric (Curcuma longa) were compared for their cytotoxic, tumour reducing and antioxidant activities. Curcumin III was found to be more active than the other two as a cytotoxic agent and in the inhibition of Ehrlich ascites tumour in mice (ILS 74.1%). These compounds were also checked for their(More)
Immune regulation, induction of various inflammatory and growth regulatory genes such as IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and GM-CSF require activation of transcription factors such as nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), activated transcription factor (ATF-2), c-Fos and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB). Untreated B16F-10 cells produce very high amount(More)
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (Umbelliferae) is commonly used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine to treat various diseases. The present study examines the anti-tumour effect of the crude extract (CE) of Centella asiatica as well as its partially purified fractions (AF) from chromatographic procedures by both in vitro short and long term chemosensitivity and(More)
Effect of piperine which is an alkaloid present in plants such as Piper nigrum and Piper longum on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) level was analyzed using in vitro as well as in vivo systems. The level of nitrite in the LPS stimulated Balb/C mice (95.3 microM) was reduced in the piperine treated animals (25(More)
Administration of an extract of Withania somnifera was found to reduce two stage skin carcinogenesis induced by DMBA (dimethyl benzanthracene) and croton oil. Withania somnifera was administered at a concentration of (20 mg/dose/animal i.p.) consecutively on 5 days prior to DMBA administration and continued twice weekly for 10 weeks. After the 180th day of(More)
Alcoholic extract of the fruits of the plant Piper longum and its component piperine was studied for their immunomodulatory and antitumor activity. Alcoholic extract of the fruits was 100% toxic at a concentration of 500 microg/ml to Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) cells and 250 microg/ml to Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells. Piperine was found to be(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of ursolic acid, a triterpene on inducing apoptosis in B16F-10 melanoma cells. Treatment of B16F-10 cells with nontoxic concentration of ursolic acid showed the presence of apoptotic bodies and induced DNA fragmentation in a dose depended manner. The apoptotic genes p53 and caspase-3 were found to be(More)
Administration of an extract from the powdered root of the plant Withania somnifera was found to stimulate immunological activity in Babl/c mice. Treatment with five doses of Withania root extract (20 mg/dose/animal; i.p.) was found to enhance the total WBC count (17125 cells/mm(3)) on 10th day. Bone marrow cellularity (27x10(6) cells/femur) as well as(More)