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Matural curcuminoids, curcumin, I, II and III isolated from turmeric (Curcuma longa) were compared for their cytotoxic, tumour reducing and antioxidant activities. Curcumin III was found to be more active than the other two as a cytotoxic agent and in the inhibition of Ehrlich ascites tumour in mice (ILS 74.1%). These compounds were also checked for their(More)
Administration of an extract from the powdered root of the plant Withania somnifera was found to stimulate immunological activity in Babl/c mice. Treatment with five doses of Withania root extract (20 mg/dose/animal; i.p.) was found to enhance the total WBC count (17125 cells/mm(3)) on 10th day. Bone marrow cellularity (27x10(6) cells/femur) as well as(More)
Modulation of immune responses is highly relevant in tumor cell destruction. The present study is focused on the effect of Andrographis paniculata extract (APE) and its isolated compound andrographolide (ANDLE) on cell-mediated immune responses in normal and tumor-bearing control animals. Treatment with APE and ANDLE significantly enhanced natural killer(More)
Harmine is a beta-carboline alkaloid present in medicinal plants such as Peganum harmala that have been used as folk medicine in anticancer therapy. In this study, we demonstrated the anti-angiogenic activity of harmine using in vivo and in vitro assay systems. In vivo anti-angiogenic activity was studied using B16F-10 melanoma cells which induced capillary(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of ursolic acid, a triterpene on inducing apoptosis in B16F-10 melanoma cells. Treatment of B16F-10 cells with nontoxic concentration of ursolic acid showed the presence of apoptotic bodies and induced DNA fragmentation in a dose depended manner. The apoptotic genes p53 and caspase-3 were found to be(More)
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (Umbelliferae) is commonly used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine to treat various diseases. The present study examines the anti-tumour effect of the crude extract (CE) of Centella asiatica as well as its partially purified fractions (AF) from chromatographic procedures by both in vitro short and long term chemosensitivity and(More)
Calendula officinalis flower extract possessed significant anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan and dextran-induced acute paw edema. Oral administration of 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight Calendula extract produced significant inhibition (50.6 and 65.9% respectively) in paw edema of animals induced by carrageenan and 41.9 and 42.4% respectively with(More)
Angiogenesis is a process by which new blood vessels are formed from preexisting vessels. New blood vessel formation by angiogenesis involves the degradation of extra-cellular matrix combined with sprouting and migration of endothelial cells from preexisting capillaries. Solid tumors consist of several components, including normal and stromal cells,(More)
Angiogenesis is a crucial step in the growth and metastasis of cancers. Antiangiogenic activity of nomilin was studied using in vivo as well as in vitro models. Nomilin significantly inhibited tumor directed capillary formation. Serum proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and GM-CSF and also serum NO levels were significantly reduced by the(More)